Prediction of Vibration Amplitudes

Chapter
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological, and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 12)

Abstract

Prediction of ground vibration amplitudes and their comparison with legislative values is a frequent engineering task. Different methods for prediction of ground vibration amplitudes exist: (1) Empirical methods are widely used in practice (as shown later in this chapter) and are based on available attenuation relationships of measured ground vibration amplitudes with distance from the source. Problem with their use is that the existing attenuation relationships may not be available and if they are then complementary data about ground condition and vibrating source to which they apply may not be specified so that it is difficult to assess their relevance to a problem at hand. (2) Simplified analyses can always be used but they require knowledge of properties of vibration source and of ground conditions, which may not be available in part or in total. (3) Numerical analyses are expected to provide accurate solutions of the problem but they require the use of proprietary software (e.g. listed in http://www.ggsd.com), expertise in its use and frequently detailed ground properties. Lack of expertise and/or detailed ground properties affect the accuracy of the results of numerical methods. (4) Small and full scale testing is most convincing method for assessment of future ground vibration amplitudes but requires the use of a specialist laboratory or field instruments and the expertise. Therefore, the testing is not so frequently used in practice.

Keywords

Stone Column Peak Ground Velocity Excess Pore Water Pressure Peak Particle Velocity Attenuation Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IsleworthUK

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