Formation of Droplets and Bubbles in Microfluidic Systems

  • P. Garstecki
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology book series (NAPSA)


The lecture will review the recent advances in the techniques for formation of bubbles of gas and droplets of liquid in two-phase microfluidic systems. Systems comprising ducts that have widths of the order of 100 μm produce suspensions of bubbles and droplets characterized by very narrow size distributions. These systems provide control over all the important parameters of the foams or emulsions, from the volumes of the individual bubbles and droplets, through the volume fraction that they occupy, the frequency of their formation, and the distribution of sizes, including monodisperse, multimodal and non-Gaussian distributions. The lecture will review the fundamental forces at play, and the mechanism of formation of bubbles and droplets that is responsible for the observed monodispersity.


Interfacial Tension Capillary Number Microfluidic Chip Microfluidic System Inlet Channel 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Soft Condensed Matter, Institute of Physical ChemistryPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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