A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Male and Female Fertility in 43 Countries and Places, 1990–1998

  • Li Zhang
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE, volume 27)


The analysis of this chapter moves to an empirical investigation of male fertility as compared to female fertility at the aggregate level. The chapter studies male fertility, measured by the total fertility rate (TFR) and the age-specific fertility rate (ASFR), as compared to female fertility in 43 countries and places during 1990–1998. Several important findings emerge from the analysis. The most important finding drawn from this chapter is that a TFR value of 2,200 or replacement-level fertility defines the correlation of male and female fertility at the aggregate level. The significance of this finding is discussed in a greater detail in the chapter. Moreover, the chapter exhibits that the male and female age-specific fertility differentials can interact with the level of total fertility. In terms of male and female age-specific fertility differentials, a greater fertility variation is shown to occur among females than among males at younger age groups. This result challenges the general statement of previous research that male fertility varies to a greater extent than female fertility. In the end, the chapter proposes several rationales to elucidate why male fertility rates differ from those of females in a variety of societies.


Total Fertility Rate Male Fertility Female Fertility Fertility Differential Fertility Country 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public AffairsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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