Uncertainty and Error



Errors in input data, parameterisation, and model form cause errors and uncertainty in model outputs. This is particularly problematic in non-linear systems where small changes propagate through models to create large output differences. This chapter reviews the issues involved in understanding error, covering a broad range of methodologies and viewpoints from across the spatial modelling sciences.


Extend Kalman Filter Output Error Monte Carlo Technique Uncertainty Assessment Bayesian Model Average 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy (ASAP)University of LeedsLeedsUK

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