Dynamics of Households and Living Arrangements in the Eastern, Middle, and Western Regions of China

  • Yi Zeng
  • Kenneth C. Land
  • Danan Gu
  • Zhenglian Wang
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE, volume 36)


In this chapter presented the dynamics of household and living arrangements in the Eastern, Middle, and Western regions of China. The results showed that, if the current age distribution of rural-to-urban migrants with a high concentration of young people remains unchanged, the Middle region will have the most serious problems of population and household aging, followed by the Eastern region; population and household aging will be twice as severe in rural areas compared to urban areas in Middle and Eastern regions. Our multi-regional projections and analysis clearly showed that population and household aging problems under the current fertility policies unchanged would be much more serious than that under the two-child policy. Our study suggests that the inclusion of elderly parents in regional and rural to urban family migration, which implies co- or proximate-residence between old parents and adult children, would help to avoid the over-aging problems in rural areas and the Middle region; this strategy may result in a win-win outcome for both old and young generations.


Western Region Eastern Region Adult Child Living Arrangement Middle Region 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yi Zeng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kenneth C. Land
    • 3
  • Danan Gu
    • 4
  • Zhenglian Wang
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for Study of Aging and Human Development Medical SchoolDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.National School of Development Center for Healthy Aging and Development StudiesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Sociology and Center for Population Health and Aging Population Research InstituteDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  4. 4.Population DivisionUnited NationsNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Center for Population Health and Aging Population Research InstituteDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  6. 6.Household and Consumption Forecasting, Inc.Chapel HillUSA

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