Ontological Tools: Requirements, Design Issues and Perspectives

Chapter

Abstract

An Ontological or Ontology Engineering tool is a piece of software that aims to support the engineering of ontologies. The engineering of ontologies concerns specific processes and tasks needed to be executed by domain experts and ontology engineers during the life-cycle of ontologies. The main objective of ontology engineering tools, especially in the context of the Semantic Web, is to provide certain functionality to users towards constructing shared and evolving ontologies. The aim of this article is to provide an understanding of the functionalities and technologies that need to be integrated in ontology engineering environments and to present issues that next generation ontological tools must consider in order to play a key role in the era of information and knowledge management.

Keywords

Domain Ontology Knowledge Worker Personal Space Shared Space Ontology Engineering 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Arpírez, J.C., O. Corcho, M. Fernández-López, and A. Gómez-Pérez. 2001. WebODE: A scalable workbench for ontological Engineering. First International Conference on Knowledge Capture (KCAP’01), 6–13. New York: ACM Press (1-58113-380-4).Google Scholar
  2. Bechhofer, S.I., I. Horrocks, C. Goble, and R. Stevens. 2001. OilEd: A Reason-able ontology editor for the semantic web. Proceedings of KI2001, Joint German/Austrian conference on Artificial Intelligence, 19–21 Sept, Vienna. LNAI, Vol. 2174, 396–408. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Bernstein, A., and E. Kaufmann. 2006. GINO – A guided input natural language ontology editor. 5th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2006), Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  4. Buitelaar, P., D. Olejnik, and M. Sintek. 2004. A protégé plug-in for ontology extraction from text based on linguistic analysis. In 1st European Semantic Web Symposium, ESWS-04, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Cook, S.D.N., and J.S. Brown. 1999. Bridging epistemologies: The generative dance between organizational knowledge and organizational knowing. Organizational Science 10:381–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dameron, O., N.F. Noy, H. Knublauch, and M.A. Musen. 2004. Accessing and manipulating ontologies using web services. In Workshop of “Semantic Web Services: Preparing to Meet the World of Business Applications”, 3rd International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2004), Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Domingue, J. 1998. Tadzebao and webonto: Discussing, browsing, and editing ontologies on the web. 11th Knowledge Acquisition for Knowledge-Based Systems Workshop, 18th–23rd April. Banff, AB.Google Scholar
  8. Fernández-López, M., A. Gómez-Pérez., A. Pazos-Sierra, and J. Pazos-Sierra. 1999. Building a chemical ontology using METHONTOLOGY and the ontology design environment. IEEE Intelligent Systems & their applications, 37–46.Google Scholar
  9. Garcia-Castro, R. 2004. Specification of a methodology, general criteria, and benchmark suites for benchmarking ontology tools. EU-IST Network of Excellence (NoE) IST-2004-507482 KWEB, Deliverable D2.1.4.Google Scholar
  10. Gómez Pérez, A. 2002. A survey on ontology tools. OntoWeb: Ontology-based information exchange for knowledge management and electronic commerce. IST-2000-29243 Deliverable 1.3.Google Scholar
  11. Gómez Pérez, A., and D. Manzano-Macho. 2003. A survey of ontology learning methods and techniques. OntoWeb: Ontology-based information exchange for knowledge management and electronic commerce. IST-2000-29243 Deliverable 1.3.Google Scholar
  12. Grüninger, M., and M.S. Fox. 1995. Methodology for the design and evaluation of ontologies. Proceedings of IJCAI’95, Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing, Montreal, QC.Google Scholar
  13. Hoffman, R., P. Hays, and K. Ford. 2002. The triples rule. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 62–65.Google Scholar
  14. Hu, W., G. Cheng, D. Zheng, X. Zhong, and Y. Qu. 2006. The results of Falcon-AO in the OAEI 2006 Campaign. OAEI (Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative) 2006 contest, Ontology Matching International Workshop, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
  15. Klein, M., D. Fensel, A. Kiryakov, and D. Ognyanov. 2002. Ontology versioning and change detection on the web. EKAW 2002, 197–212.Google Scholar
  16. Kotis, K., and G. Vouros. 2003. Human centered ontology management with HCONE. In proceedings of ODS Workshop, IJCAI-03, Acapulco.Google Scholar
  17. Kotis, K., and G. Vouros. 2004. HCONE approach to ontology merging. The semantic web: Research and applications, first european semantic web symposium, ESWS’04, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, eds. J. Davies, D. Fensel, C. Bussler, and R. Studer, 10–12 May, Proceedings, Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 3053, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. Kotis, K., and G. Vouros. 2005. Human-Centered Ontology Engineering: The HCOME methodology. International journal of knowledge and information systems (KAIS), Springer, Online First.Google Scholar
  19. Kotis, K., A. Valarakos, and G. Vouros. 2006. AUTOMS: Automating ontology mapping through synthesis of methods. OAEI (Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative) 2006 contest, Ontology Matching International Workshop, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
  20. Maedche, A., and S. Staab. 2004. Ontology learning. In Handbook on ontologies, eds. S. Staab, and R. Studer, Springer.Google Scholar
  21. Mann, W., and S. Thompson. 1987. Rhetorical structure theory: A theory of text organization. In The structure of discourse, ed. L. Polanyi, Ablex Publishing Corporation: Norwood, NJ.Google Scholar
  22. Massmann, S., D. Engmann, and E. Rahm. 2006. COMA++: Results for the ontology alignment contest OAEI 2006. OAEI (Ontology Alignment Evaluation Initiative) 2006 contest, Ontology Matching International Workshop, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
  23. Miller A.G. 1995. WordNet: A lexical database for English. Communications of the ACM 38(11):39–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Motta, E. 2006. Next-generation semantic web applications. In 1st Asian Semantic Web Conference, China. Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  25. Noy, N., and M. Musen. 2000. PROMPT: Algorithm and tool for automated ontology merging and alignment. In the Proceedings of the Seventeenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-2000), Austin, TX. Available as SMI technical report SMI-2000-0831.Google Scholar
  26. Pease, A., I. Niles, and J. Li. 2002. The suggested upper merged ontology: A large ontology for the semantic web and its applications. In Working Notes of the AAAI-2002 Workshop on Ontologies and the Semantic Web, Edmonton, Canada, 28 Aug – 1 July.Google Scholar
  27. Pinto, H.S., S. Staab, Y. Sure, and C. Tempich. 2004. OntoEdit empowering SWAP: A case study in supporting distributed, loosely-controlled and evolving engineering of ontologies (DILIGENT). In 1st European Semantic Web Symposium, ESWS 2004, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  28. Pinto, S., and J. Martins. 2004 Ontologies: How can they be built? Knowledge and Information Systems 6:441–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Schnurr, H.P., Y. Sure, and R. Studer. 2000. On-to-knowledge methodology – Baseline version. Executive summary, On-To-Knowledge EU-IST-1999-10132 Project Deliverable D15.Google Scholar
  30. Staab, S., R. Studer, H. Schnurr, and Y. Sure. 2001. Knowledge processes and ontologies. IEEE Intelligent Systems 16(1):26–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sure, Y. 2002. A Tool-supported methodology for ontology-based knowledge management. ISMIS 2002, Methodologies for Intelligent Systems.Google Scholar
  32. Tempich, C., H.S. Pinto, and S. Staab. 2006. Ontology engineering revisited: An iterative case study. In 3rd European Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2004, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  33. Uschold, M. 2003. Where are the semantics in the semantic web? AI Magazine 24:25–36.Google Scholar
  34. Uschold, M., and M. King. 1995. Towards a methodology for building ontologies. Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing, Montreal, QC.Google Scholar
  35. Vouros, A.G., K. Kotis, C. Chalkiopoulos, and N. Lelli. 2007. The HCOME-3O framework for supporting the collaborative engineering of evolving ontologies. ESOE 2007 International Workshop on Emergent Semantics and Ontology Evolution, ISWC 2007, 12 Nov Busan, Korea.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AI Lab, Department of Information and Communications Systems EngineeringUniversity of the AegeanKarlovassiGreece

Personalised recommendations