Phenomenology and Ontology in Nicolai Hartmann and Roman Ingarden

  • Nicoletta Ghigi


The objective of this article is to discuss the problem of ontology in terms of the critique of Husserl’s so-called ‘idealistic turning point” by the two phenomenologists, Hartmann and Ingarden. While different in their approaches to the problem – for Hartmann, it is more a matter a metaphysics of knowledge, while for Ingarden, it involves clarifying the controversy on the existence of the world – both seek to reconstruct an ontology that recovers the meaning of the real world. The relationship between essence and existence is thus re-examined in the light of a different interpretation of reality that moves from a methodological framework that grants validity only to a reduction that is eidetic, rather than transcendental.


Literary Work Intentional Object Transcendental Phenomenology Transcendental Idealism Pure Possibility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Ales Bello, A. 2004 The Controversy about the Existence of the World in Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenological School. A. Reinach, R. Ingarden, H. Conrad-Martius, E. Stein, in “Analecta Husserliana” LXX.Google Scholar
  2. Barone, F. 1963. Il pensiero di Nicolai Hartmann. Introduzione a La fondazione dell’ontologia (The Thought of Nicolai Hartmann. Introduction to The Foundation of Ontology). Milan: Fabbri.Google Scholar
  3. Chrudzimski, A. 1999. Die Erkenntnistheorie von Roman Ingarden (The Theory of Knowledge of Roman Ingarden). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Conrad-Martius, H. 1923. Realontologie (Realontology). in “Jahrbuch für philosophische und phänomenologische Forschung” VI.Google Scholar
  5. Haefliger, G. 1994. Űber Existenz: die Ontologie Roman Ingardens (On the Existence: Roman Ingarden’s Ontology). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Harich, W. 1983. Nicolai Hartmann und seine russischen Lehrer (Nicolai Hartmann and his Russian Professors), in “Sinn und Form”, 35.Google Scholar
  7. Hartmann, N. 1931. Zum Problem der Realitätsgegebenheit (On the Problem of the Givenness of Reality). Berlin: Pan-Verlagsgesellschaft.Google Scholar
  8. Hartmann, N. 1955. Systematische Selbstdarstellung (Sistematic Selfpresentation). In Kleinere Schriften, ed. W. de Gruyter, 1–51, vol. I. Berlin.Google Scholar
  9. Hartmann, N. 1962. Das Problem des geistigen Seins (The Problem of Spiritual Being). Berlin: De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hartmann, N. 1964. Der Aufbau der realen Welt (Construction of the Real World). Berlin: De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hartmann, N. 19655. Platos Logik des Seins (The Platonic Logic of Being). Berlin: A. Töpelmann.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hartmann, N. 1965a. Grundzüge einer Metaphysik der Erkenntins (Principles of a Metaphysics of Knowledge). Berlin: W. de Grutyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hartmann, N. 1965b. Zur Grundlegung der Ontologie (Foundation of Ontology), Berlin: De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hartmann, N. 1982. Die Erkenntnis im Lichte der Ontologie (Knowledge in Light of Ontology). Hamburg: Felix Meiner.Google Scholar
  15. Husserl, E. Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft (Philosophy as Rigorous Science), in Husserliana XXV, edited by T. Nenon, H. R. Sepp, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster 1987.Google Scholar
  16. Husserl, N. 1975–2002. Logische Untersuchungen (Logical Investgations). In Husserliana XVIII. ed. E. Holenstein. The Hague: Nijhoff; XIX/1, XIX/2 (edited by U. Panzer), Nijhoff, The Hague 1984; XX/1 (edited by U. Melle). Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  17. Ingarden, R. 1960. Spór o istnienie świata (Controversy on the Existence of the World), PWN, Warsaw 1960.Google Scholar
  18. Ingarden, R. 1968. Erinnerungen an Husserl, in Briefe an Roman Ingarden (Letters to Roman Ingarden). Den Haag: M. Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  19. Ingarden, R. 1973. Das literarische Kunstwerke (The Literary Work of Art), English translation, Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Ingarden, R. 1974. Wstęp do fenomenologii Husserla (Introduction to Husserl’s Phenomenology). Warsawa: PWN.Google Scholar
  21. Ingarden, R. 1975. On the Motives which Led Husserl to Trascendental Idealism. Den Haag: M. Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mitscherling, J. 1997. Roman Ingarden’s Ontology and Aesthetics. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.Google Scholar
  23. Penati, G. 1975. Traduzione, introduzione e note a (Translation, introduction, and notes to) N. Hartmann, Nuove vie della ontologia (New Ways of Ontology), Brescia: La Scuola.Google Scholar
  24. Poli, R. 1998. Levels. “Axiomathes” 1–2,:197–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rovighi, S.V. L’ontologia di Nicolai Hartmann (The Ontology of Nicolai Hartmann). In “Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica”, XXXI (March 1939-XVII), fasc. II.Google Scholar
  26. Sirchia, F. 1969. Nicolai Hartmann. Dal neokantismo all’ontologia. La filosofia degli scritti giovanili, (1909–1919), (Hartmann. From Neo-Kantism to Ontology. The Philosophy of His Early Writings, (1909–1919). Milano: Vita e Pensiero.Google Scholar
  27. Tymieniecka, A.-T. 1957. Essence et existence. Essai sur la Philosophie de la de Nicolai Hartmann et Roman Ingardens (Essence and Existence. Essai on the Philosophy of Nicolai Hartmann). Paris: Aubier.Google Scholar
  28. Tymieniecka, A.-T. 1959. L’Analyse de l’Idée et la Partecipation (The Analyse of the Idea and the Partecipation). In AA.VV., For Roman Ingarden. Nine Essays in Phenomenology. Den Haag: M. Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  29. Tymieniecka, A.-T. 1976. Ingardeniana: A Spectrum of Specialised Studies Establishing the Field of Research. Analecta Husserliana 4.Google Scholar
  30. Tymieniecka, A.-T. 1989. On the Aesthetics of Roman Ingarden: Interpretations and Assessments, ed. D. Bohdan and M. Peter. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  31. Tymieniecka, A.-T. 1991. Ingardeniana III: Roman Ingarden’s Aesthetics in a New Key and the Independent Approaches of Others: The Performing Arts, The Fine Arts, and Literature (vol. III). Analecta Husserliana 33.Google Scholar
  32. Tymieniecka, A.-Y. 1990. Ingardeniana II: New Studies in the Philosophy of Roman Ingarden, with a New International Ingarden Bibliography, ed. Hans H. Rudnick. Analecta Husserliana 30.Google Scholar
  33. Werkmeister, W.H. 1990. Nicolai Hartmann’s New Ontology. Tallahassee: The Florida State University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

Personalised recommendations