Interactive Knowing: The Metaphysics of Intentionality

  • Mark H. Bickhard


I argue that the Parmenidean argument against the possibility of change initiated a metaphysical response that (1) has dominated Western thought since, and (2) creates aporia for understanding mental phenomena. A return to a process framework is consistent with historical trends, consistent with contemporary physics, and permits metaphysical emergence – most especially the emergence of normative function and representation: intentionality. I show that contemporary alternative models of representation are still caught in the classic assumptions and, in consequence, cannot model or account for the inherent normative issues (Bickhard 2010).


Causal Power Process Framework Implicit Definition Normative Phenomenon Causal Closure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lehigh UniversityBethlehemPA

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