New Challenges

  • Harold Kalter


Halfway through twentieth century medicine was ready for a reappraisal of its responsibilities toward children. This was made urgent by the changed spectrum of the causes of death in early childhood brought into focus by the decreased infant mortality rate. Deaths during the first year of life in the US had decreased over the preceding 50 years from 150 to about 29/1000 live births (US Bureau of the Census 1960), which had been achieved especially by advances in the control of infectious disease, the major cause of illness and death of the very young in that era.


Early Childhood Congenital Malformation Abnormal Development Change Spectrum National Foundation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CincinnatiUSA

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