Biotechnology: Trait Protection System

  • Thomas Peterson
  • Bryony BonningEmail author


Should technology designed to stop growers from saving seed from industry developed, high yielding crops be adopted to protect intellectual property rights?


Trait protection Terminator technology Plant breeding Seed industry Brown bagging 


  1. CIMMYT. (1994). CIMMYT 1993/94 World maize facts and trends. Maize seed industries revisited: Emerging roles of the public and private sectors. Mexico, DF: CIMMYT.Google Scholar
  2. Crouch, M. L. (1998). How the terminator terminates: An explanation for the non-scientist of a remarkable patent for killing second generation seeds of crop plants. An Occasional Paper of the Edmonds Institute, 20319-92nd Avenue West, Edmonds, WA 98020.Google Scholar
  3. Oliver, M. J., Quisenberry, J. E., Trollinder, N. L. G., & Kelm, D. L. (1998). Control of plant gene expression (U.S. Patent 5,723,765). Date issued: 3 March.Google Scholar
  4. Rural Advancement Foundation International web site “The Terminator Technology” by Hope Shand, Programme Officer, RAFI-USA. []
  5. USDA ARS (2001). Why USDA’s technology protection system (aka ‘Terminator’) benefits agriculture. ARS News & Information web site,

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Iowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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