The Circumstances and Attitudes of Different Muslim Groups in England and Europe

Chapter
Part of the Understanding Population Trends and Processes book series (UPTA, volume 2)

Abstract

In this chapter, the authors use census and survey data to develop a picture of the characteristics and attitudes of different Muslim groups in Britain. They also use data from the Muslims in Europe (ME) study to show that many from the minority groups in London consider themselves able to access a form of flexible British identity acceptable for individuals of minority groups with widely differing demands. This sense of Britishness is much stronger than similar feelings of certain minorities in Madrid and Berlin and is regarded as important in counteracting the negative views of Islamaphobia that so often appear in the popular press.

Keywords

Minority Group Asylum Seeker Ethnic Minority Group Ethnic Category Terrorist Incident 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (RES-163-25-0009). We would also like to thank members of the “Muslims in Europe”, HSE and EMPIRIC teams, the Department of Health, and the thousands of respondents who gave their time.

References

  1. Abrams, D. and Houston, D.M. (2006) Equality, Diversity and Prejudice in Britain: Results from the 2005 Survey, Report for the Cabinet Office Equalities Review. Department for Communities and Local Government publications, West Yorkshire.Google Scholar
  2. Beckford, J.A., Gale, R., Owen, D., Peach, C. and Weller, P. (2006) Review of the Evidence Base on Faith Communities, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, London.Google Scholar
  3. Beinin, J. (2004) The new American McCarthyism: Policing thought about the Middle East, Race & Class, 46(1): 101–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown, C. and Richie, J. (1981) Focussed Enumeration. The Development of a Method for Sampling Ethnic Minority Groups, PSI/SCPR, London.Google Scholar
  5. Brüss, J. (2008) Experiences of discrimination reported by Turkish, Moroccan and Bangladeshi Muslims in three European cities, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34(6): 875–894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dunn, K.M., Klocker, N. and Salabay, T. (2007) Contemporary racism and Islamophobia in Australia, Ethnicities, 7(4): 564–589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Erens, B., Primatesta, P. and Prior, G. (eds.) (2001) Health Survey for England 1999: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups, TSO, London.Google Scholar
  8. Fekete, L. (2004) Anti-Muslim racism and the European Security State, Race & Class, 46(1): 3–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hussain, Y. and Bagguley, P. (2005) Citizenship, ethnicity and identity: British Pakistanis after the 2001 ‘Riots’, Sociology, 39(3): 407–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Karlsen, S. and Nazroo, J.Y. (2004) Fear of racism and health, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58(12): 1017–1018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Karlsen, S. and Nazroo, J.Y. (2009a) Ethnic and religious differences in the attitudes and experiences of South Asian people in England, under review.Google Scholar
  12. Karlsen, S. and Nazroo, J.Y. (2009b) Religion, ethnicity and health inequalities in Graham, H. (ed.), Understanding Health Inequalities, Second Edition, Open University Press, Buckingham.Google Scholar
  13. Karlsen, S. and Nazroo, J.Y. (2009c) Ethnic and religious differences in health: Evidence from the Health Surveys for England 1999 and 2004, under review.Google Scholar
  14. Karlsen, S. and Nazroo, J.Y. (2009d) Ethnic and religious variations in the reporting of racist victimisation in Britain, under review.Google Scholar
  15. Krieger, N. (2000) Discrimination and health in Berkman, L. and Kawachi, I. (eds.), Social Epidemiology, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  16. Lindley, J. (2002) Race or religion? The impact of religion on the employment and earnings of Britain’s ethnic communities, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 28(3): 427–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McClements, L. (1977) Equivalence scales for children, Journal of Public Economics, 8, 191–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Miles, R. (1989) Racism, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  19. Modood, T. (2003) Muslims and the Politics of Difference, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.Google Scholar
  20. Modood, T., Beishon, S. and Virdee, S. (1994) Changing Ethnic Identities, Policy Studies Institute, London.Google Scholar
  21. Modood, T., Berthoud, R., Lakey, J., Nazroo, J., Smith, P., Virdee, S. and Beishon, S. (1997) Ethnic Minorities in Britain: Diversity and Disadvantage, Policy Studies Institute, London.Google Scholar
  22. Nazroo, J.Y. (2001) Ethnicity, Social Class and Health, Policy Studies Institute, London.Google Scholar
  23. Nazroo, J.Y. and Williams, D.R. (2005) The social determination of ethnic/racial inequalities in health in Marmot, M. and Wilkinson, R.G. (eds.), Social Determinants of Health, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  24. Paradies, Y. (2006) A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health, International Journal of Epidemiology, 35, 888–901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Peach, C. (2006) Muslims in the 2001 Census of England and Wales: Gender and economic disadvantage, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 29(4): 629–655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pew Global Attitudes Project (2006) The Great Divide: How Westerners and Muslims View Each Other, Pew Research Center, Washington.Google Scholar
  27. Poynting, S. and Mason, V. (2007) The resistible rise of Islamophobia: Anti-Muslim racism in the UK and Australia before 11 September 2001, Journal of Sociology, 43(1): 61–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Solomos, J. (1998) Beyond racism and multiculturalism, Patterns of Prejudice, 32(4): 4–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sproston, K. and Mindell, J. (eds.) (2006) Health Survey for England 2004: The Health of Minority Ethnic Groups, National Centre for Social Research, London.Google Scholar
  30. Sproston, K. and Nazroo, J. (eds.) (2002) Ethnic Minority Psychiatric Illness Rates in the Community (EMPIRIC), The Stationery Office, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Public healthUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.School of Social Sciences, Arthur Lewis Building, University of ManchesterManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations