Dynamics of the Earth pp 97-124 | Cite as

# Solution of Jacobi’s Virial Equation for Conservative Systems

## Abstract

In Chap. 3 we derived Jacobi’s virial equation of dynamical equilibrium in the framework of various physical models which are used for describing the dynamics of natural systems. We showed that, instead of the traditional description of a system in co-ordinates and velocities, the problem of dynamics can be studied from the position of an external observer. In this case the system as a whole is described by a compact and elegant equation and is characterized by integral (volumetric) parameters. Such a description of the integral equation does not depend on the choice of the frame of reference. The external observer can estimate by observations only some moments of distribution of mass density, i.e. total mass and energy of a system, which are its integral characteristics. Moreover, in order to solve the problem of a body’s motion in the framework of its dynamical equilibrium, we invoked the relationship between its force function and the polar moment of inertia, which is the source motion. This relationship reveals the nature of the gravitational energy. We also succeeded in reanimating the lost kinetic energy and obtaining both an equation of dynamics and an equation of dynamical equilibrium in the form of the oscillating motion during each period of time and within the whole duration of the system’s evolution.