Advertisement

Biological Invasion: The Thau Lagoon, a Japanese Biological Island in the Mediterranean Sea

  • Charles F. BoudouresqueEmail author
  • Judith Klein
  • Sandrine Ruitton
  • Marc Verlaque
Conference paper

Abstract

Shellfish aquaculture represents one of the major vectors of marine macrophyte introductions. In the 1970s through at least the 1990s, massive imports of Japanese oysters, Crassostrea gigas, from the Pacific (mainly from Japan) to Europe were carried out. As a result, a large number of exotic species have been introduced to European shores. In the Mediterranean Sea, the Thau Lagoon (south-western France) has become a hot-spot of introduction of marine macrophytes. A total of 58 species of macrophytes have been labeled as introduced. They currently represent 32% of the species diversity and 48–99% of the macrophyte biomass on hard substrates. Most of them are native to the northwestern Pacific, including Japan. These figures do not take into account cryptogenic and cryptic introduced species and could therefore prove to be underestimates. The Thau Lagoon could therefore be the harbinger of the next century globalized world ocean.

Keywords

Biological Invasion Ballast Water Hard Substrate Oyster Culture Marine Macrophyte 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Baldauf SL (2003) The deep roots of Eucaryotes. Science 300:1703–1706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boudouresque CF (1999) Introduced species in the Mediterranean: routes, kinetics and consequences. In: Proceedings of the workshop on invasive Caulerpa species in the Mediterranean. MAP Technical Reports Series, UNEP, Athens, pp 51–72Google Scholar
  3. Boudouresque CF, Ruitton S, Verlaque M (2005) Large-scale disturbances, regime shift and recovery in littoral systems subject to biological invasions. In: Velikova V, Chipev N (eds) Large-scale disturbances (regime shifts) and recovery in aquatic ecosystems: challenges for management towards sustainability. UNESCO, Bulgaria, pp 85–101Google Scholar
  4. Boudouresque CF, Ruitton S, Verlaque M (2006) Anthropogenic impacts on marine vegetation in the Mediterranean. In: Proceedings of the second Mediterranean symposium on marine vegetation, Athens 12–13 December 2003. Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas, Tunis, pp 34–54Google Scholar
  5. Brodie J, Maggs CA, John DM (eds) (2007) Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. British Phycological Society, London, pp xii–242Google Scholar
  6. Carlton JT (1996) Biological invasions and cryptogenic species. Ecology 77(6):1653–1655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clout M (1998) And now, the Homogocene. World Conservation 97(4)–98(1):3Google Scholar
  8. Bory de Saint-Vincent JBGM (1822) Borine. In: Dictionnaire classique d’histoire naturelle, vol 2. Rey et Gravier, Paris, pp 412–413Google Scholar
  9. Galil BS (2000) A sea under siege – alien species in the Mediterranean. Biol Invasions 2:177–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Harrison PG, Bigley RE (1982) The recent introduction of the seagrass Zostera japonica Aschers. and Graebn. to the Pacific Coast of North America. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 39(12):1642–1648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Huber MJ (1892) Contribution à la connaissance des Chaetophorales épiphytes et endophytes et de leurs affinités. Ann Sci Nat Bot Ser 7(16):265–359 (+ plates viii-xviii)Google Scholar
  12. Le Roy-Ladurie E (2004) Histoire humaine et comparée du climat. Canicules et glaciers, XIIIe-XVIIIe siècles. Fayard (ed), ParisGoogle Scholar
  13. Luterbacher J, Dietrich D, Xoplaki E, Grosjean M, Wanner H (2004) European seasonal and annual temperature variability, trends and extremes, since 1500. Science 303:1499–1503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Verlaque M (2001) Checklist of the macroalgae of Thau Lagoon (Hérault, France), a hot spot of marine species introduction in Europe. Oceanol Acta 24(1):29–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Verlaque M, Boudouresque CF, Mineur F (2007) Oyster transfers as a vector for marine species introductions: a realistic approach based on the macrophytes. Impact of mariculture on coastal ecosystems. CIESM Workshop Monogr 32:39–47Google Scholar
  16. Yoon HS, Müller KM, Sheath RG, Ott FD, Bhattacharya D (2006) Defining the major lineages of red algae (Rhodophyta). J Phycol 42:482–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Zenetos A, Meriç E, Verlaque M, Galli P, Boudouresque CF, Giangrande A, Çinar ME, Bilecenoğlu M (2008) Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and parasites. Mediterr Mar Sci 9(1):119–165Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles F. Boudouresque
    • 1
    Email author
  • Judith Klein
    • 1
  • Sandrine Ruitton
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marc Verlaque
    • 1
  1. 1.Université de la Méditerranée, Centre d’Océanologie de Marseille, UMR 6117 LMGEMMarseille cedex 9France
  2. 2.Université de la Méditerranée, Institut Universitaire de Technologie Hygiène, Sécurité et EnvironnementLa Ciotat cedexFrance

Personalised recommendations