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Development of sponges from the class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885

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The Comparative Embryology of Sponges

Abstract

The class Demospongiae comprises sponges, whose skeleton consists of either spongin fibers only or spongin fibers in combination with siliceous spicules (usually, macro- and microscleres). Macroscleres are mostly monoaxial and tetraxial, while microscleres are very diverse – monoaxial or polyaxial, often in complicated shape. The axial filament resides in a triangular or hexangular cavity. Fibrillar collagen has been noted in all the Demospongiae. In some groups, the reduced spicular skeleton is compensated for by a complex organic one; in some other groups, there are no skeletal elements whatsoever. In several small Demospongiae groups, a hyper-calcified basal skeleton develops in addition to other skeletal elements (Sollas 1885).

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Ereskovsky, A.V. (2010). Development of sponges from the class Demospongiae Sollas, 1885. In: The Comparative Embryology of Sponges. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8575-7_3

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