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Global Climate Change and Marine Conservation

  • Linda Olsvig-Whittaker
Chapter
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 15)

Abstract

Global climate change is real. Compilations of instrumental global land and sea temperatures back to the mid-ninteenth century provide strong evidence of a warming world and recent unusual warmth, with 9 of the 10 warmest years since 1850 occurring between 1997 and 2006. The most recent projections of global climate change due to the enhanced greenhouse effect suggest that global average temperature could warm by 1.1°C to 6.4°C over 1980–1999 values by 2100, with best estimates ranging from 1.8°C to 4.0°C. These estimates are generally consistent (although not strictly comparable) with the earlier projections of 1.4°C to 5.8°C, and are based on more climate models of greater complexity and realism and better understanding of the climate system (Lough, 2007).

Keywords

Coral Reef Algal Turf Global Average Temperature Enhance Greenhouse Effect Increase Substrate Availability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science and Conservation DivisionIsrael Nature and National Parks Protection AuthorityJerusalemIsrael

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