The Role of Porphyra in Sustainable Culture Systems: Physiology and Applications

  • Rui Pereira
  • Charles Yarish
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 15)


The genus Porphyra belongs to the division Rhodophyta, Class Bangiophyceae, Order Bangiales and Family Bangiaceae. It has a global distribution. The genus consists of more than 140 species and is the most speciose genera in the red algae (Yoshida et al., 1997; Silva, 1999; Brodie and Zuccarello, 2007). Porphyra is also one of the oldest red algae known. Fossils that closely resemble this genus were found in the 570 million-year-old Doushantuo formation in southern China (Graham and Wilcox, 2000). Butterfield (2000) estimates the lineage of the Order Bangiales to be at least 1.2 billion years old.


Uptake Rate Total Ammonia Nitrogen Doushantuo Formation Asexual Spore IMTA System 
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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIIMAR/CIMAR Centre for Marine and Environmental ResearchPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Departments of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Marine SciencesUniversity of ConnecticutStamfordUSA

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