Bridges to Life

  • Ray Kurzweil
  • Terry Grossman


The future of aging and human life extension begins today, using presently available tools, but will be increasingly shaped and accelerated by ongoing breakthroughs in biotechnology, nanotechnology and artificial intelligence in the years ahead. These developing technologies should allow many to journey over what can be seen as three bridges to ever-improving life and health expectancy, such that some who survive as a result of “bridge one” may be able to benefit from “bridge two” and even from “bridge three.” We begin our perspective on the future of aging with a brief overview of a sampling of present approaches to life extension (“bridge one”) and then explain why biotechnology (“bridge two”) and nanotechnology plus artificial intelligence (“bridge three”) might allow many of us to benefit from remarkably extended lifespans in the future.


Caloric Restriction Aerobic Exercise Genomic Testing Remain Life Expectancy Restricting Calorie 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kurzweil Technologies, Inc.WellesleyUSA
  2. 2.Frontier Medical InstituteDenverUSA

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