Knowledge, Working Practices, and Learning

  • Michael Eraut
Part of the Professional and Practice-based Learning book series (PPBL, volume 1)


I define personal knowledge as ‘what individual persons bring to situations that enables them to think, interact and perform.’ It can be observed only through a series of holistic performances, each involving several kinds of knowledge. Lifelong learning can be tracked through entries on learning trajectories . Professional practices grow through increasing recognition of situations, development of routines, reflection and discussion of new or complex problems. Most learning events are embedded in normal work, so access to learning depends on the nature of the work environment and the behaviour of those involved. The key factors affecting informal learning are appropriate levels of challenge and support, confidence and commitment, and personal agency . These factors, in turn, are influenced by the allocation, structuring, and perceived value of the work. Managers should be appraised on their crucial role in developing learning.


Tacit Knowledge Lifelong Learning Implicit Learning Early Career Informal Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Eraut
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SussexSussexUK

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