Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes in Space Applications

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Silicon Science book series (ADSS, volume 3)

Abstract

The space environment around the earth is exceptionally complex and has a significant impact on the lifetime and performance of any orbiting satellite. At least six factors influence the satellite: atomic oxygen (AO), electrons and protons trapped in the earth’s magnetic field, solar flare protons, solar radiation, thermal cycling resulting from the passage of the spacecraft through the Earth’s shadow, and debris.

Keywords

Solar Cell Space Application Solar Array Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsequioxane Spacecraft Rocket 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Banks BA, Demko R (2002) Atomic Oxygen Protection of Materials in Low Earth Orbit, NASA/TM-2002-211360, February 2002.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Banks, BA (1997) The Use of Fluoropolymers in Space Applications. In Scheirs J (Ed) Modern Fluoropolymers: High Performance Polymers for Diverse Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Ch. 4.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Banks BA, Rutledge S, Paulsen P, Stueber T, Simulation of Low Earth Orbital Atomic Oxygen Interaction with Materials by Means of an Oxygen Ion Beam, 18th Annual Symposium on Applied Vacuum Science and Technology, Clearwater Beach, Florida, February 6–8, 1989.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Banks BA, Rutledge S, Low Earth Orbital Atomic Oxygen Simulation for Materials Durability Evaluation, 4th European Symposium on Spacecraft Materials in Space Environment, Toulouse, France, September 6–9, 1988.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rutledge S, Mihelcic J, The Effect of Atomic Oxygen on Altered and Coated Kapton® Surfaces for Spacecraft Applications in Low Earth Orbit, Proceedings of the Materials Degradation in the Low Earth Orbit Symposium at the 119th annual meeting of the TMS, Anaheim, CA, Feb. 17–22, 1990.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Banks BA, deGroh K, Rutledge S, Haytas C (1999) ,Consequences of Atomic Oxygen Interaction with Silicone and Silicone Contamination of Surfaces in Low Earth Orbit, NASA/TM-1999-209179, July 1999.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Banks BA, Rutledge S, Sechkar E, Stueber T, Snyder A, Haytas C, Brinker D (2000) Issues and Effects of Atomic Oxygen Interactions with Silicone Contamination on Spacecraft in Low Earth Orbit, NASA/TM-2000-210056, June 2000.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hung C, Cantrell G, Reaction and Protection of Electrical Wire Insulators in Atomic-Oxygen Environments. NASA TM–106767, AE- 8D Wire and Cable Subcommittee Meeting sponsored by the Society of Automotive Engineers, Albuquerque, New Mexico, April 12–14, 1994.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gilman JW, Schlitzer DS, Lichtenhan JD (1996) J Appl Polym Sci 60:591-596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Leger JL, Visentine JT, Santos-Mason B, Low Earth Orbit Resistant Siloxane Copolymers, Proceedings of the 18th International SAMPE Technical Conference, October 7-9, 1986, pp. 1015-1026.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Munjal AK, Long Service Life Considerations of Composite Structures for Space Applications, Proceedings of the 23rd International SAMPE Technical Conference, Kiamesha Lake, NY, Oct. 21-24, 1991, Proceedings (A92-51501 21-23). Covina, CA, Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, 1991, p. 802-816.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Koontz SL, Albyn K, Leger LJ (1991) J Spacecraft Rockets 28:315-323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Koontz SL, Leger LJ, Albyn K, Cross J (1990) J Spacecraft Rockets 27:346-348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Koontz SL, Leger LJ, Visentine JT, Hunton DE, Cross JB, Hakes CL (1995) J Spacecraft Rockets 32(3):483-495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hoflund, GB, Gonzalez RI, Phillips SH (2001) J Adhesion Sci Technol 15(10):1199-1211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hoflund GB, Weaver JF (1994) J Measur Sci Technol (1994) 5(3):201-205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    deGroh KK, Banks BA, Techniques for Measuring Low Earth Orbital Atomic Oxygen Erosion of Polymers, 2002 Symposium and Exhibition sponsored by the Society for the Advancement of Materials and Process Engineering, Long Beach, CA May 12-16, 2002.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    deGroh KK, Banks BA (1994) J Spacecraft Rockets 31(4):656-664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tomczak SJ, Marchant D, Svejda S, Minton TK, Brunsvold AL, Gouzman I, Gonzalez RI (2005) Properties and Improved Space Survivability of POSS (Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane) Polyimides, Material Research Society Symposium Proc Vol 851.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mather PT, Jeon HG, Romo-Uribe A, Haddad TS, Lichtenhan JD (1999) Macromolecules 32(4):1194-1203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wright ME, Schorzman DA, Feher FJ, Jin RZ (2003) Chem Mater 15:264-268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Troya D, Schatz GC (2004) J Chem Phys 120:7696-7707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tomczak SJ, Marchant D, Mabry J, Vij V, Minton T, Brunsvold AL, Guenthner A, Comparisons of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS) Polyimides as Space-Survivable Materials 2005(2005): this is also available as AFRL-ERS-PAS-2006-275. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFMC), AFRL/PRS, 5 Pollux Drive, Edwards AFB, CA 93524-7048).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Brandhorst HW, Lichtenhan JD, Fu BX, A POSS® Coating for Thin Film Solar Cells, 31st IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Orlando, Florida, January 2005.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gonzalez RI, Phillips SH, Holland GB (2000) J pacecraft Rockets 37(4):463-467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Brandhorst HW, Smith TIS, Wells BK, Lichtenhan JD, Fu BX, POSS® Coatings as Replacements for Solar Cell Cover Glasses, 19th Photovoltaic Research and Technology (SPRAT) Conference, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH September 20-22, 2005.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brandhorst HW, Smith TIS, Wells BK, Lichtenhan JD, Fu BX, POSS® Coatings as Replacements for Solar Cell Cover Glasses, 4th World Conference of Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, May 7-12, 2006, Hawaii.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu SH, Granata JE, Meshishnek MJ, Ciofalo MR, Simburger EJ, Space Radiation Environmental Testing on POSS Coated Solar Cell Coverglass, Space Photovoltaic Research and Technology (SPRAT) Conference, Cleveland, OH, 2007.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Space Research Institute, Auburn UniversityAuburnUSA

Personalised recommendations