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Fluorinated Polyhedral Oligosilsesquioxane Surfaces and Superhydrophobicity

Part of the Advances in Silicon Science book series (ADSS,volume 3)

Abstract

Fluorinated compounds are a logical choice for hydrophobic applications owing to their generally low surface energy. Polyhedral molecules may also improve hydrophobicity by increasing material surface roughness. There have been many recent attempts to synthesize and characterize various types of fluorinated polyhedra. These reports include the fluorination or fluoroalkylation of C60 [1,2]. Unfortunately, C60F48 (fluorinated buckminsterfullerene) cannot be used as a hydrophobic material, since it is metastable and is hydrolyzed by water [3]. However, the perfluorocarborane species, perfluoro-deca-β-methyl-para-carborane, shows remarkable hydrolytic and oxidative stability [4]. Fluorinated carbon nanotubes and nanofibers have also been produced [5]. Many of these fluorinated polyhedral compounds may be useful in hydrophobic applications, but they are generally hazardous to prepare, require air and moisture sensitive manipulations, and have limited economies of scale. For these reasons, alternative fluorinated polyhedra, such as Polyhedral Oligomeric SilSesquioxanes (POS) are highly desired (Figure 6.1).

Keywords

  • Atomic Force Microscopy
  • Contact Angle
  • Water Contact Angle
  • Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis
  • Polyhedral Oligomeric SilSesquioxanes

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge the Air Force Research Laboratory, Propulsion Directorate and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research for their financial support. The authors also wish to thank Brian Moore at AFRL for his assistance with AFM images and Marietta Fernandez at AFRL for help with SEM images.

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Correspondence to Joseph M. Mabry .

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Iacono, S.T., Peloquin, A.J., Smith, D.W., Mabry, J.M. (2011). Fluorinated Polyhedral Oligosilsesquioxane Surfaces and Superhydrophobicity. In: Hartmann-Thompson, C. (eds) Applications of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes. Advances in Silicon Science, vol 3. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-3787-9_6

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