Use of Indicators to Improve Communication on Energy Systems Vulnerability, Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Change

  • Axel Michaelowa
  • HÈlÉne Connor
  • Laura E. Williamson
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


This paper outlines anticipated climate change impacts on energy systems. It presents a set of indicators to determine: the level of vulnerability of a particular energy system; the capacity to implement energy adaptation projects; and how successful proposed implementation measures will be in increasing energy system resilience. Wind, solar, hydro, biomass, nuclear and fossil fuel energy systems are addressed.


Climate change energy systems vulnerability resilience adaptation wind solar fossil fuels biomass hydro nuclear transmission indicators assessment 


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  2. Stratus Consulting Inc. /- UNFCCC Secretariat, Compendium on Methods and Tools to Evaluate Impacts of, and Vulnerability and Adaptation to, Climate Change, 2005, tion/pdf/consolidated_version_updated_021204.pdf
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Further Reading

  1. ActionAid USA, Compensating for Climate Change: Principles and Lessons for Equitable Adaptation Funding, 2007,
  2. IPCC, Summary for Policy Makers of the Synthesis Report of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, November 2007,
  3. OECD, Stocktaking of Progress on Integrating Adaptation to Climate Change into Development Co-operation Activities, 2007,,3343,en_2649_ 37425_39313186_1_1_1_37425,00.html
  4. SSN, SouthSouthNorth New Methodology for Community Based Adaptation (SSNAPP), 2005,
  5. Tearfund, Christain Aid, Practical Action, Oxfam, Two degrees, One Chance — The Urgent Need to Curb Global Warming, 2007, Two+degrees+One+chance.htm
  6. UNFCCC, National Adaptation Programmes of Action, napa/items/2719.php
  7. UNFCCC, National Communications from Non-Annex 1 Countries, national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/submitted_natcom/items/653.php
  8. UNFCCC, Impacts, Vulnerabilities and Adaptation in Developing Countries, 2007, txt/pub_07_impacts.pdf
  9. UN Secretary General, Millennium Development Goals, 2000, millenniumgoals/
  10. WRI, Growing in the Greenhouse: Protecting the Climate by Putting Development First, 2005, content_text&z=?

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Axel Michaelowa
    • 1
  • HÈlÉne Connor
    • 2
  • Laura E. Williamson
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Zurich and Center for International and Comparative Studies (CIS)ZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.HELIO International Sustainable Energy WatchParisFrance
  3. 3.HELIO InternationalGreenvilleUSA

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