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Measurement of Diurnal Carbon Sequestration Rate and Aboveground Biomass Carbon Potential of Two Young Species and Soil Respiration in Two Natural Forests in India

  • Bipal K. JanaEmail author
  • Soumyajit Biswas
  • Mrinmoy Majumder
  • Pankaj Roy
  • Asis Mazumdar
Chapter

Abstract

Diurnal carbon sequestration rate (CSR) has been measured for young ­species (6 years age) of Shorea robusta at Chadra forest in Paschim Medinipur district and Tectona grandis at Chilapata forest in Coochbehar district of West Bengal in India by Automated Vaisala Made Instrument GMP343 and aboveground biomass carbon has been analyzed by CHN analyzer. Soil respiration has also been measured by GMP343. The specific objectives of this article are to measure diurnal carbon ­sequestration rate and aboveground biomass carbon potential of two young species, and soil respiration in two natural forests. Measurements of soil respiration as conducted in two forests were 0.0050 g/m2/h in Chadra forest and 0.0575 g/m2/h in Chilapata forest. The diurnal carbon sequestration rates (mean) as CO2 from the ambient air as obtained by S. robusta and T. grandis were 11.13 and 2.57 g/h in overcast skies. The annual carbon sequestration rates from ambient air were estimated to 8.97 t C/ha by S. robusta and 2.07 t C/ha by T. grandis. The percentages of carbon content (except root) in the aboveground biomass of S. robusta and T. grandis were 47.45 and 45.45, respectively. The total aboveground biomass carbon stocks per hectare as estimated for S. robusta and T. grandis were 5.22 and 7.97 t C/ha, respectively, in these forest stands.

Keywords

Aboveground biomass carbon stock carbon sequestration rate Shorea robusta soil respiration Tectona grandis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors wish to thank the Department of Environment, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata for financial support of this project and wish to thank Chairman and Member Secretary of the West Bengal Pollution Control Board, Salt Lake, Kolkata for their guidance and technical support. Authors also wish to thank the Chilapata Forest Division and Chadra Forest Division in West Bengal for their valuable Reports/data used for this article. Authors also wish to thank to the Journal of Ecology and Natural Environment for the research article ‘Jana BK, S Biswas, M Majumder, P Roy and A Mazumdar (2009) Carbon sequestration rate and above­ground biomass carbon potential of four young species’.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bipal K. Jana
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Soumyajit Biswas
    • 1
  • Mrinmoy Majumder
    • 1
    • 3
  • Pankaj Roy
    • 1
  • Asis Mazumdar
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Water Resources EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Consulting Engineering ServicesWest BengalIndia
  3. 3.Regional Center, National Afforestation and Eco-development BoardJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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