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Accumulation of Carbon Stock Through Plantation in Urban Area

  • Bipal K. JanaEmail author
  • Soumyajit Biswas
  • Mrinmoy Majumder
  • Pankaj Roy
  • Asis Mazumdar
Chapter

Abstract

Emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) in urban area is higher compared to the rural area due to the presence of different emission sources within a small area. Carbon is sequestered by the plant photosynthesis and stored as biomass in different parts of the tree. Carbon sequestration rate (CSR) has been measured for young species (6 years age) of Albizzia lebbek in Indian Botanic Garden in Howrah district and Artocarpus integrifolia at Banobitan within Kolkata in the lower Gangetic plain of West Bengal in India by Automated Vaisala Made Instrument, GMP343 and aboveground biomass carbon has been analyzed by CHN analyzer. The specific objective of this article is to measure carbon sequestration rate and accumulation of biomass carbon stock of two young species of A. lebbek and A. integrifolia. The carbon sequestration rates (mean) as CO2 from the ambient air as obtained by A. lebbek and A. integrifolia were 14.86 and 4.22 g/h, respectively. The annual carbon sequestration rates from ambient air were estimated at 11.97 t C/ ha by A. lebbek and 3.33 t C/ha by A. integrifolia. The percentages of carbon content (except root) in the aboveground biomass of A. lebbek and A. integrifolia were 47.12 and 43.33, respectively. The total accumulated aboveground biomass carbon stocks in 6 years as estimated for A. lebbek and A. integrifolia were 6.26 and 7.28 t C/ha, respectively, in these forest stands. Therefore, urban plantation based on better carbon sequestrated species will help to accumulate more biomass carbon stock as well as to offset the increasing CO2 level in ambient air.

Keywords

Albizzia lebbek Artocarpus integrifolia carbon sequestration rate aboveground biomass carbon stock 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors wish to thank to the Department of Environment, Government of West Bengal, Writers’ Buildings, Kolkata for financial support of this project and wish to thank to the Authorities of Indian Botanic Garden and Banobitan in West Bengal for their valuable Reports/data used for this article. Authors also wish to thank to the Banabithi of Directorate of Forests, Govt. of West Bengal for the article ‘Jana BK, S Biswas, M Majumder, P Roy and A Mazumdar (2008) Carbon Sequestration in Urban and Recreational Forest Area’ and Journal of Ecology and Natural Environment for the research article ‘Jana BK, S Biswas, M Majumder, P Roy and A Mazumdar (2009) Carbon sequestration rate and aboveground biomass carbon potential of four young species’.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bipal K. Jana
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Soumyajit Biswas
    • 1
  • Mrinmoy Majumder
    • 1
    • 3
  • Pankaj Roy
    • 1
  • Asis Mazumdar
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Water Resources EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Consulting Engineering ServicesWest BengalIndia
  3. 3.Regional Center, National Afforestation and Eco-development BoardJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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