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Medical Geology in Hellas: The Lavrion Environmental Pollution Study

  • Alecos DemetriadesEmail author
Chapter
Part of the International Year of Planet Earth book series (IYPE)

Abstract

The large volume and areal extent of metallurgical processing wastes in the Lavrion urban area, and their subsequent movement by aerial and fluvial processes, as well as by human activities resulted in the contamination of overburden materials, including residual and alluvial soil. The bioaccessibility of contaminants, such as Pb and As, is verified by the high concentrations of Pb in blood and deciduous teeth, and As in urine of children and adults alike. The present work, apart from the review of all available data and information, studied in detail every possible aspect of the Lavrion environment, i.e. overburden materials (including residual and alluvial soil), house dust, lithology, metallurgical processing wastes, and produced a multitude of geochemical distribution and other thematic maps, leading to risk assessment and the production of an environmental management plan for the rehabilitation of contaminated surficial materials. Although cost-effective solutions were proposed, no action has as yet been taken by the relevant authorities.

Keywords

Geochemistry Health Soil House dust Lead Arsenic Blood Teeth Urine Lavrion Greece 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This chapter is published by permission of the General Director of the Hellenic Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration. The results come from the LIFE programme, contract number 93/GR/A14/GR/4576, which was co-financed by the European Commission and the Hellenic State. Without the assistance of the many scientists, technical and other supporting staff this project would have not been completed. They are all sincerely thanked for their contributions.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology and Mineral ExplorationAcharnaeHellas

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