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Earth and Life pp 795-810 | Cite as

Survival, but…! New Tales of ‘Dead Clade Walking’ from Austral and Boreal Post-K–T Assemblages

  • Jeffrey D. StilwellEmail author
  • Eckart Håkansson
Part of the International Year of Planet Earth book series (IYPE)

Abstract

Our knowledge of postmass extinction biotic trajectories is at the mercy of available data and detailed research on the governing factors of differential extinction/survivorship patterns of fossil biotas. Some taxa managed—barely—to survive major extinction events, but only for the short-term, becoming extinct at variable times in the following geologic stage, having succumbed to myriad natural forces generated by severe paleoenvironmental perturbations. These ‘Dead Clade Walking’ (DCW) organisms should be included in investigations on the resultant effects of the extinction bottleneck and subsequent rebound phase(s). Significantly, even though the ‘big five’ mass extinctions of the Phanerozoic are distinguished primarily by their overwhelming intensities, their magnitudes—and thus importance for shaping the present-day biosphere—have been systematically underestimated, when time frames including immediate, post-apocalyptic DCW taxa are included in survivorship/extinction analyses. Our research from recent studies of Austral and Boreal invertebrates and vertebrates in relation to the Cretaceous–Tertiary (K–T) boundary provides alluring new evidence of the DCW phenomenon, including the short-term survivorship of ammonoid cephalopods and possible non-avian dinosaurs into the dawn of the Cenozoic.

Keywords

Cretaceous Maastrichtian Paleogene Danian Cheilostome bryozoans Ammonoids Gastropods Postmass extinction Survival patterns 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the following for their support and assistance throughout this investigation: Draga Gelt and Ben Doherty (Monash University); Bill Zinsmeister (Purdue University); Ewan Fordyce (University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand); Chris Consoli (Geoscience Australia); Claus Heinberg (Roskilde, Denmark); John Jagt (Natuurhistorisch Museum Maastricht, the Netherlands). This research was funded by a Research Initiatives grant from Monash University to JDS, and support from the Geological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark, and University of Western Australia, Perth, to EH.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Palaeontology and Basin Studies Group, School of GeosciencesMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Evolutionary ResearchAustralian MuseumSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.School of Earth and Geographical SciencesUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  4. 4.Geological InstituteUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen KDenmark

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