Non–wood Forest Products for Livelihoods and Sustainable Development

  • Wulf KillmannEmail author
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 19)


Forests provide goods and services. While goods are understood as tangible and substantial in nature, services, also called intangibles, are the results of forests’ environmental and social functions. These include regulation of the water cycle; conservation of water and soil, e.g. water sheds; protection of agricultural soils; conservation of biodiversity; sequestration and storage of carbon; recreation; provision of grazing land for livestock; hunting; functions related to spirituality and religion, etc.


Fair Trade Natural Rubber Rubber Tree Bamboo Fibre Forest Good 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. FAO (2006) Global forest resources assessment 2005, FAO forestry Paper 147, RomeGoogle Scholar
  2. Mantau U, Wong J, Curl S (2007) Towards a Taxonomy of Forest Goods and Services. Small-scale Forestry 6: 391–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. INBAR (2008) Production and trade data on bamboo and rattan.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest Products and Industries DivisionFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)RomeItaly

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