Sustaining the World’s Forests: Managing Competing Demands for a Vital Resource – The Role of the World Bank

  • Gerhard DieterleEmail author
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 19)


Forests cover about 25–30% of the Earth’s land surface, or between 3.3 billion and 3.9 billion hectares, depending on the definitions used. Each year, forests covering an area the size of Portugal (approximately 92,000 km2) are cut down. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that during the 1990s, the world suffered a net loss of 95 million hectares of forests – an area larger than Venezuela – with most of the losses occurring in the tropics. The loss of 161 million hectares of natural forests to deforestation was somewhat offset by 15 million hectares of afforestation (deliberate creation of forest where none existed before), 36 million hectares of natural expansion of forests, and 15 million hectares of reforestation.


Clean Development Mechanism Poverty Reduction Sustainable Forest Management Forest Sector Global Public Good 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The World BankWashingtonUSA

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