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Sustaining the World’s Forests: Managing Competing Demands for a Vital Resource – The Role of the World Bank

  • Gerhard DieterleEmail author
Chapter
  • 921 Downloads
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 19)

Abstract

Forests cover about 25–30% of the Earth’s land surface, or between 3.3 billion and 3.9 billion hectares, depending on the definitions used. Each year, forests covering an area the size of Portugal (approximately 92,000 km2) are cut down. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that during the 1990s, the world suffered a net loss of 95 million hectares of forests – an area larger than Venezuela – with most of the losses occurring in the tropics. The loss of 161 million hectares of natural forests to deforestation was somewhat offset by 15 million hectares of afforestation (deliberate creation of forest where none existed before), 36 million hectares of natural expansion of forests, and 15 million hectares of reforestation.

Keywords

Clean Development Mechanism Poverty Reduction Sustainable Forest Management Forest Sector Global Public Good 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Chomitz KM (2006) At loggerheads? Agricultural expansion, poverty reduction, and environment in the tropical forests. World Bank, p 304Google Scholar
  2. Picture This: The Worlds Forests (2003) Finance and Development, 40(4):40–41, December 2003Google Scholar
  3. Springate-Baginski O, Blaikie P (2007) Forests, people and power: the political ecology of reform in South Asia. The Earthscan Forestry Library, Earthscan, London, p 394Google Scholar
  4. St. Petersburg Ministerial Declaration on Forest Law Enforcement and Governance Europe and North Asia: http://web.worldbank.org/enafleg
  5. World Bank (2005) Sustaining forests: a development strategy. Washington. Available at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTFORESTS/Resources/SustainingForests_OnlinePDF.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The World BankWashingtonUSA

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