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The Impact of Climate Change on Lakes in Britain and Ireland

  • Glen George
  • Eleanor Jennings
  • Norman Allott
Chapter
Part of the Aquatic Ecology Series book series (AQEC, volume 4)

Abstract

The CLIME studies in Western Europe were confined to a relatively small number of lakes situated in Britain and Ireland. In this chapter, we use the terms ‘Britain’ and ‘Ireland’ when describing the location of the lakes and the term ‘British Isles’ to define the area covered by the weather typing system devised by Lamb (1950). The climate of Britain and Ireland is notoriously variable and is strongly influenced by the movement of weather systems across the Atlantic (Barrow and Hulme, 1997). Winters are typically mild and wet but there are large year-to-year variations in the seasonal distribution of the rainfall. The variable nature of the climate has a pronounced effect on the physical characteristics of the lakes and the flux of nutrients (Allott, 1986; George et al., 2004). In this chapter, we review the climatic changes projected for the region and assess their potential impact on the dynamics of the lakes.

Keywords

Shallow Lake North Atlantic Oscillation Gulf Stream Weather Type Winter Rainfall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The CLIME project was supported under contract EVK1-CT-2002-00121 with the Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (EESD) Programme of the 5th EU Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. The results reported for the English lakes were acquired by staff from the Freshwater Biological Association, the Institute of Freshwater Ecology and the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. We thank them all for their support and their continued commitment to long-term monitoring in the Lake District. The results for the Irish lakes were collated by the Marine Institute, County Mayo, Kerry County Council and the UCD Killarney valley project. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of our partners Russell Poole and the staff of the Marine Institute, Newport, who were responsible for the monitoring and research at Lough Feeagh. Thanks are also due to Diane Hewitt for help with data processing, Margaret Hurley for statistical advice and Patrick Samuelsson, from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, for providing the maps of the projected changes in the climate.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Knott EndWindermereUK
  2. 2.Department of Applied SciencesDundalk Institute of TechnologyDundalkIreland
  3. 3.Centre for the Environment, Trinity CollegeDublin 2Ireland

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