State-of-the Art of Wastewater and Sludge Treatment in Turkey

Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


As a candidate country for the EU membership, proper wastewater treatment and disposal is one of the crucial challenges in Turkey, which should be fulfilled during the next 15 years. More than 3,000 treatment plants are necessary in order to comply with the EU legislation. Huge investments are required for the rehabilitation and new construction of sewage networks as well as for the waste-water treatment plants. Protection of the environment and the need of treated water during the long and dry summer months make the wastewater and sludge treatment process more important than ever.


wastewater sludge treatment nutrients removal treatment facility 


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  1. 1.
    EU Integrated Environmental Approximation Strategy (2007–2023). Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Accessed 20.11.2008.
  2. 2.
    Turkish Statistical Institute. Municipal Wastewater Statistics Accessed 20.11.2008.
  3. 3.
    MEDAWARE, Development of Tools and Guidelines for the Promotion of the Sustainable Urban Wastewater Treatment and Reuse in the Agricultural Production in the Mediterranean Countries. Task 4. Accessed 20.11.2008.

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringAkdeniz UniversityAntalyaTurkey

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