Lichens (Punctilia rudecta) As Bioindicators for Air Pollution in Ohio, USA

  • Bruce W. Berdanier
  • Mufeed I. Batarseh
  • Anwar G. Jiries
  • Anf H. Ziadat
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


Lichens were used as bioindicators for the assessment of atmospheric pollution with trace metals in Ohio, USA. The concentration of Iron, Copper, Cadmium, Manganese, Nickel, Lead, Zinc, and Cobalt were determined in lichen samples collected from the vicinity of Shelby town, Ohio. The hierarchical cluster analysis showed that the investigated sites are classified into three main groups. The first group included eight sites that might be affected by similar anthropogenic activities due to similar heavy metals distribution profiles, while the other groups that consisted of only two sites are separated from the first group. That means that other types of anthropogenic activities might have affected them. These findings were confirmed using two-principle components analysis.


lichens heavy metals atmospheric pollution cluster analysis Ohio 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce W. Berdanier
    • 1
  • Mufeed I. Batarseh
    • 2
  • Anwar G. Jiries
    • 2
  • Anf H. Ziadat
    • 2
  1. 1.TJ Smull College of EngineeringOhio Northern UniversityAdaUSA
  2. 2.Prince Faisal Center for Dead SeaEnvironmental and Energy Research, Mutah UniversityAl-KarakJordan

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