Hotness Manifold, Phenomenological Temperature and Other Related Concepts of Thermal Physics

  • Jiří J. MarešEmail author
Part of the Hot Topics in Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry book series (HTTC, volume 8)


Although the operative methods of temperature measurement are well-known and described in detail in various practical instructions [1, 2] and discussed in many textbooks [3–10], the systematic treatment of the central concept of thermal physics, the temperature itself, is paradoxically almost lacking in the current literature. The temperature, namely, is there at present defined mostly from the theoretical positions of statistical physics and not as a phenomenological quantity. Nevertheless, the predominant majority of practical measurements in physics, chemistry and technology or in thermal analysis and calorimetry particularly are performed by means of macroscopic devices (thermometers) yielding as a result the phenomenological temperature, and not by means of statistical analysis of properties of ensembles of particles and excitations. It is thus evident that prior to the identification of the temperature defined in the frame of statistical theory with the phenomenological temperature, the latter has to be satisfactorily defined first.


Inertial Frame Heat Engine Inertial System Thermal Physic Mechanical Equivalent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by Institutional Research Plan of Institute of Physics No AV0Z10100521.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i.Praha 6Czech Republic

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