Forced Prostitution and Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation Among Women and Girls in Situations of Migration and Conflict: Review and Recommendations for Reproductive Health Care Personnel



The potential for sexual and gender-based violence against women in situations of migration and conflict is widely recognized (UNHCR, 2003; Wakabi, 2008; Longombe et al., 2008; Hynes and Cardozo, 2000; Al Gasseer et al., 2004; Cottingham et al., 2008). While individual- and gang-perpetrated rape has been the focus of much of the limited literature to date, the scope of sexual and gender-based violence, both overall and within situations of migration and conflict, is far wider, and includes trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and forced prostitution.


Reproductive Health Sexual Health Sexual Violence Sexual Exploitation Field Staff 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Society, Human Development & Health, Division of Public Health PracticeHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  2. 2.LondonUK

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