By most estimates, 70–75% of the refugees and displaced persons uprooted by conflict are women and their dependent children (Martin 2003). Children account for about half of all refugees, with adult women often outnumbering adult men. This picture varies, however, by countries of origin and refuge. It is particularly true when persons are internally displaced or flee conflict in one developing country and take refuge in another, usually neighbouring country. It is also true of the victims of human trafficking. This distribution does not generally hold for asylum-seekers who seek admission to more developed countries in North America, Europe and Oceania. A higher proportion of male applicants can be found making their way to these more distant places.


Reproductive Health Sexual Violence Reproductive Health Service Gender Base Violence Displace Person 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for the Study of International Migration, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA

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