Advertisement

Perpectives on Integrated Solid Earth Sciences

  • S.A.P.L. CloetinghEmail author
  • J.F.W. Negendank
Chapter
Part of the International Year of Planet Earth book series (IYPE)

Abstract

During the last decades the Earth sciences are rapidly changing from largely descriptive to process-oriented disciplines that aim at quantitative models for the reconstruction and forecasting of the complex processes in the solid Earth. This includes prediction in the sense of forecasting the future behaviour of geologic systems, but also the prediction of geologic patterns that exist now in the subsurface as frozen evidence of the past. Both ways of prediction are highly relevant for the basic needs of humanity: supply of water and resources, protection against natural hazards and control on the environmental degradation of the Earth.

Intensive utilization of the human habitat carries largely unknown risks of and makes us increasingly vulnerable. Human use of the outermost solid Earth intensifies at a rapid pace. There is an urgent need for scientifically advanced “geo-prediction systems” that can accurately locate subsurface resources and forecast timing and magnitude of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and land subsidence (some of those being man induced). The design of such systems is a major multidisciplinary scientific challenge. Prediction of solid-Earth processes also provides important constraints for predictions in oceanographic and atmospheric sciences and climate variability.

The quantitative understanding of the Earth has made significant progress in the last few decades. Important ingredients in this process have been the advances made in seismological methods to obtain information on the 3D structure of the mantle and the lithosphere, in the quantitative understanding of the lithospheric scale processes as well as the recognition of the key role of quantitative sedimentary basin analysis in connecting temporal and spatial evolution of the system Earth recorded in their sedimentary fill. Similar breakthroughs have been made in the spatial resolution of the structural controls on lithosphere and (de)formation processes and its architecture by 3D seismic imaging. Earth-oriented space research is increasingly directed towards obtaining a higher resolution in monitoring vertical motions at the Earth’s surface. Modelling of dynamic topography and landform evolution is reaching the phase where a full coupling can be made with studies of sediment supply and erosion in the sedimentary basins for different spatial and temporal scales.

Quantitative understanding of the transfer of mass at the surface by erosion and deposition as well as their feed back with crustal and subcrustal dynamics presents a new frontier in modern Earth sciences. This research bridges current approaches separately addressing high resolution time scales for a limited near surface record and the long term and large scale approaches characteristic so far for the lithosphere and basin-wide studies. The essential step towards a 4D approach (in space and time) is a direct response to the need for a full incorporation of geological and geophysical constraints, provided by both the quality of modern seismic imaging as well as the need to incorporate smaller scales in the modelling of solid Earth processes.

Keywords

Solid earth dynamics Earth monitoring Reconstruction of the past Solid earth process modelling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

François Roure is acknowledged for a constructive review of this paper. We thank all the reviewers for their rigorous and constructive criticism of the chapters presented in this book. Financial support and scientific input from ILP, GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam and the Netherlands Research Centre for Integrated Solid Earth Science is greatly acknowledged. Mrs. Christine Gerschke is thanked for dedicated support to ILP reports and for her effort in organising the Potsdam conference. All ILP Task Force and Regional Committee chairs are thanked for contributing to this review paper. We thank Thomas Kruijer for his valuable editorial assistance.

References

  1. Ågren J. and Svensson R., 2007, Postglacial Land Uplift Model and System Definition for the New Swedish Height System RH 2000. Reports in Geodesy and Geographical Information Systems Rapportserie, LMV-Rapport 2007, v. 4, Lantmäteriet,Gävle.Google Scholar
  2. Arcay D., Tric E. and Doin M.P., 2005, Numerical simulations of subduction zones: Effect of slab dehydration on the mantle wedge dynamics, Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 149, pp. 133–153.Google Scholar
  3. Baba K., Chave A.D., Evans R.L., Hirth G. and Mackie R.L., 2006, Mantle dynamics beneath the East Pacific Rise at 17º S: Insights from the Mantle Electromagnetic and Tomography (MELT) experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, v. 111(B2). doi:10.1029/2004JB003598.Google Scholar
  4. Begin B.Z., Steinberg D.M., Ichinose G.A. and Marco S., 2005, A 40,000 years unchanging of the seismic regime in the Dead Sea rift, Geology, v. 33, pp. 257–260.Google Scholar
  5. Bertotti G., Frizon de Lamotte D., Teixell A. and Charoud M. (Eds), 2009, The geology of Vertical Movements: Proceedings of ILP 2007 workshop in Marrakech, Special issue of Tectonophysics, in press.Google Scholar
  6. Beaumont C., 1981, Foreland basins, Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 65, pp. 291–329.Google Scholar
  7. Bohnhoff M. et al., 2009, Passive Seismic Monitoring of Natural and Induced Earthquakes: Case Studies, Future Directions and Socio-Economic Relevance, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Boness N.L. and Zoback M.D., 2006, A multiscale study of the mechanisms controlling shear velocity anisotropy in the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth, Geophysics, v. 71, pp. F131–F146.Google Scholar
  9. Burov E.B. and Diament M., 1995, The effective elastic thickness of continental lithosphere: What does it really mean? (constraints from rheology, topography and gravity), Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, pp. 3905–3927.Google Scholar
  10. Burov E., 2009, Thermo-mechanical models for coupled lithosphere-surface processes, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Burov E. and Cloetingh S., 2009, Controls of mantle plumes and lithospheric folding on modes of intraplate continental tectonics: differences and similarities: Geophysical Journal International, v. 178, p. 1691–1722.Google Scholar
  12. Calvari S., Inguaggiato S., Puglisi G., Ripepe M. and Rosi M. (Eds), 2008, “The Stromboli Volcano: an integrated study of the 2002–2003 eruption”: Geophysical Monograph Series. v 182, AGU, ISBN 978-0-87590-447-4.Google Scholar
  13. Cawood P.A., Kröner A. and Pisarevsky S., 2006, Precambrian plate tectonics: Criteria and evidence, GSA Today, v. 16, pp. 4–11.Google Scholar
  14. Cawood P.A. and Buchan C., 2007, Linking accretionary orogenesis with supercontinent assembly. Earth-Science Reviews, v. 82, pp. 217–256.Google Scholar
  15. Cawood P.A., Kröner A., Collins W.J., Kusky T.M., Mooney W.D. and Windley B.F., 2009, Accretionary orogens through Earth history, in Cawood, P.A. and Kröner, A. (Eds), Earth accretionary systems in space and time. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 318, pp. 1–36.Google Scholar
  16. Chen P., 1979, Jurassic-Cretaceous paleogeography of China, Journal of Peking Universtiy (Natural Science Series), v. 3, pp. 90–108 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  17. Chen L., Wang T., Zhao L. and Zheng T., 2008, Distinct lateral variation of lithospheric thickness in the Northeastern North China Craton, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 267, pp. 56–68.Google Scholar
  18. Chernov A.A., 1974, Stability of faceted shapes, Journal of Crystal Growth, v. 24/25, pp. 11–31.Google Scholar
  19. Cloetingh S., Sassi W. and Task Force Team, 1994, The origin of sedimentary basins: a status report from the task force of the International Lithosphere Program, Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 11, pp. 659–683.Google Scholar
  20. Cloetingh S., d’Argenio B., Catalano R., Horvath F. and Sassi W. (Eds), 1995a, Interplay of extension and compression in basin formation, Tectonophysics, v. 252, pp. 1–484.Google Scholar
  21. Cloetingh S., Van Wees J.D., Van der Beek P.A. and Spadini G., 1995b, Role of pre-rift rheology in kinematics of basin formation: constraints from thermo-mechanical modelling of Mediterranean basins and intracratonic rifts, Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 12, pp. 793–808.Google Scholar
  22. Cloetingh S., Ben-Avraham Z., Sassi W. and Horváth F. (Eds), 1996, Dynamics of strike slip tectonics and basin formation, Tectonophysics, v. 266, pp 1–523.Google Scholar
  23. Cloetingh S, Van Balen R.T., Ter Voorde M., Zoetemeijer B.P. and Den Bezemer T., 1997, Mechanical aspects of sedimentary basin formation: development of integrated models for lithospheric and surface processes, International Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 86, pp. 226–240.Google Scholar
  24. Cloetingh S. (Ed), 2007. TOPO-EUROPE: the geoscience of coupled deep earth-surface processes, special issue, Global and Planetary Change, v. 58, 454 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Cloetingh S.A.P.L. and TOPO-EUROPE Working Group, 2007, TOPO-EUROPE: The geoscience of coupled deep Earth-surface processes, Global and Planetary Change, v.58, pp. 1–118.Google Scholar
  26. Cloetingh S., Thybo H. and Facenna C. (Eds), 2009, TOPO-EUROPE: continental topography, tectonics and surface processes, Tectonophysics, v. 474, p. 1–416.Google Scholar
  27. Delgado L. and Ortuño F., 2008. ILP workshop in Ensenada, Abstracts and Programme, GEOS, 28, 1.Google Scholar
  28. Dewey J.F., 1969, Evolution of the Appalachian-Caledonian orogen, Nature, v. 222, pp. 124–129.Google Scholar
  29. Dobrzhinetskaya L., Green H.W., Mitchell T.E. and Dickerson R.M., 2001, Metamorphic diamonds: Mechanism of growth and inclusion of oxides, Geology, v. 29, pp. 263–266.Google Scholar
  30. Dobrzhinetskaya L.F., Green H.W., Weschler M., Darus M., Wang Y.-C., Massonne H.-J. and Stöckhert B., 2003, Focused ion beam technique and transmission electron microscope studies of microdiamonds from the Saxonian Erzgebirge, Germany, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 210, pp. 399–410.Google Scholar
  31. Dobrzhinetskaya L.F. Liu Z, Cartigny P., Zhang J., Tchkhetia N.N., Green II H.W., and Hemley R.J., 2006, Synchrotron infrared and Raman spectroscopy of microdiamonds from Erzgebirge, Germany, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 248, pp. 325–334.Google Scholar
  32. Dobrzhinetskaya L. and Gilotti J. (Eds), 2007, Special Issue on Multidisciplinary approaches to ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism: a celebration of the career contribution of Juhn G. Liou, Journal of Metamorphic Petrology, v. 25.Google Scholar
  33. Dobrzhinetskaya L.F., Wirth R. and Green H.W., 2007, A look inside of diamond-forming media in deep subduction zones, Proceedings of National Academy Sciences of the United States of America, v. 104, pp. 9128–9132.Google Scholar
  34. Dobrzhinetskaya L. and Brueckner H. (Eds), 2009, Ultra-high pressure metamorphism: A window into the earth’s interior (in memory of T. Carswell), Lithos, special volume in press.Google Scholar
  35. Dobrzhinetskaya L.F. and Wirth R., 2009, Integrated geosciences: from atomic scale to mountain buildings, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer.Google Scholar
  36. Dressler, B.O., Sharpton, V. L., Morgan, J., Buffler, R., Moran, D., Smit, J., and Urrutia, J., 2003, Investigating a 65-Ma-old smoking gun: Deep drilling of the Chicxulub impact structure. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, v. 84, 14, pp.125–130, doi:10.1029/2003EO140001.Google Scholar
  37. Eichelberger J., Gordeev E., Kasahara M., Izbekov P. and Lees J. (Eds), 2007, Volcanism and Tectonics of the Kamchatka Peninsula and Adjacent Arcs, Geophysical Monograph Series, AGU, v. 172.Google Scholar
  38. Ernst W.G., 2005, Alpine and Pacific styles of Phanerozoic mountain building: Subduction-zone petrogenesis of continental crust, Terra Nova, v. 17, pp. 165–188.Google Scholar
  39. Ferrière L., Koeberl C., Ivanov B.A. and Reimold W.U., 2008, Shock metamorphism of Bosumtwi impact crater rocks, shock attenuation, and uplift formation, Science, v. 322, pp. 1678–1681, doi: 10.1126/science.1166283.Google Scholar
  40. Fielding E.J., Lundgren P.R., Bürgmann R. and Funning G.J., 2009, Shallow fault-zone dilatancy recovery after the 2003 Bam earthquake in Iran, Nature, v. 458, doi:10.1038/nature07817.Google Scholar
  41. Friedrich A.M., Wernicke B., Niemi N.A., Bennett R.A. and Davis J.L., 2003, Comparison of geodetic and geologic data from the Wasatch region, Utha, and implications for the spectral character of Earth deformation at periods of 10 to 10 million years, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, p. 2199, doi.2110.1029/2001JB000682.Google Scholar
  42. Garrido C.J. and Bodinier J.L., 1999, Diversity of mafic rocks in the Ronda peridotite: Evidence for pervasive melt-rock reaction during heating of subcontinental lithosphere by upwelling asthenosphere, Journal of Petrology, v. 40, pp. 729–754.Google Scholar
  43. Garrido C.J., Tommasi A., Lenoir X., Marchesi C. and Gibert B., 2009. Correlating geothermometry and texture of French Massif Central peridotite xenoliths with geophysical observations on the continental lithosphere structure and asthenospheric upwelling, in preparation.Google Scholar
  44. Gatzemeier A. and Tommasi A., 2006, Flow and electrical anisotropy in the upper mantle: Finite-element models constraints on the effects of olivine crystal preferred orientation and microstructure, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 158, pp. 92–106.Google Scholar
  45. Gerya T.V., Stoeckhert B. and Perchuk A.L., 2002, Exhumation of high-pressure metamorphic rocks in a subduction channel – a numerical simulation, Tectonics, v. 21, no. 6, pp. 6–19.Google Scholar
  46. Gerya T. Connolly J. and Perchuk L. (Eds), 2008, Rocks generated under extreme pressure and temperature conditions: Mechanisms, concepts, models (special volume), Lithos, v. 103.Google Scholar
  47. Ghorbal B., Bertotti G., Foeken J. and Andriessen P.A.M., 2008, Unexpected Jurassic to Neogene vertical movements in “stable” parts of NW Africa revealed by low temperature geochronology, Terra Nova, v. 20, pp. 355–363.Google Scholar
  48. Gohn G.S., Koeberl C., Miller K.G., Reimold W.U., Browning J.V., Cockell C.S., Horton J.W., Kenkmann T., Kulpecz A.A., Powars D.S., Sanford W.E., Voytek M.A., 2008, Deep drilling into the Chesapeake bay impact structure, Science, v. 320, pp. 1740–1745, doi:10.1126/science. 1158708.Google Scholar
  49. Gorczyk W., Gerya T.V., Connolly J.A.D. and Yuen D.A., 2007, Growth and mixing dynamics of mantle wedge plumes, Geology, v. 35, pp. 587–590.Google Scholar
  50. Gouiza M., Bertotti G., Hafid M., Cloetingh S., 2009, The tectonic evolution of the passive margin of Morocco along a transect from the Atlantic Ocean to the anti-Atlas, Tectonophysics, submitted.Google Scholar
  51. Gràcia E., Pallàs R., Soto J.I., Comas M., Moreno X., Masana E., Santanach P., Díez S., García M., Dañobeitia J.J. and HITS Team (incl. G. Lastras) 2006, Active faulting offshore SE Spain (Alboran Sea): Implications for earthquake hazard assessment in the South Iberian Margin, Earth and Planetary Science Letters doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.11.009, v. 241 (3–4), pp. 734–749.Google Scholar
  52. Granet M., Wilson M. and Achauer U., 1995, Imaging a mantle plume beneath the French Massif Central, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 136, pp. 281–296.Google Scholar
  53. Groves D.I. and Bierlein F.P., 2007, Geodynamic settings of mineral deposit systems, Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 164, p. 19–30.Google Scholar
  54. Gudmundsson A., Friese N. and Galindo I. et al., 2008, Dike-induced reverse faulting in a graben, Geology, v.36, pp. 123–126.Google Scholar
  55. Harms U. and Emmermann R., 2007, History and Status of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program. In Harms U., Koeberl C., Zoback M.D. (Eds), Continental Scientific Drilling. A decade of progress, and challenges for the future, Springer, New York, pp. 1–53.Google Scholar
  56. Harms U., Koeberl C. and Zoback M.D. (Eds), 2007, Continental Scientific Drilling. A decade of progress, and challenges for the future. Springer, New York, 355 pp.Google Scholar
  57. Heaney P. J., Vicenzi E.P., Giannuzzi L.A. and Livi, K.J.T., 2001, Focused ion beam milling: A method of site-specific sample extraction for microanalysis of Earth and planetary materials, American Mineralogist, v.86, pp. 1094–1099.Google Scholar
  58. Hecht L., Wittmann A., Schmitt R.T. and Stöffler D., 2004, Composition of impact melt particles and the effects of post-impact alteration in suevitic rocks at the Yaxcopoil-1 drill core, Chicxulub crater, Mexico, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, v. 39, pp.1169–1186.Google Scholar
  59. Heidbach O. and Ben-Avraham Z., 2007. Stress evolution and seismic hazard of the Dead Sea fault system, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 257, pp. 299–312.Google Scholar
  60. Heidbach O., Reinecker J., Tingay M., Müller B., Sperner B., Fuchs K. and Wenzel F., 2007, Plate boundary forces are not enough: Second- and third-order stress patterns highlighted in the World Stress Map database, Tectonics, v. 26, TC6014, doi:10.1029/2007TC002133.Google Scholar
  61. Heidbach O., Iaffaldano G. and Bunge H.-P., 2008a, Topography growth drives stress rotations in the Central Andes – observations and models, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2007GL032782.Google Scholar
  62. Heidbach O., Tingay M., Barth A., Reinecker J., Kurfeß D. and Müller B., 2008b. The World Stress Map database release 2008 doi:10.1594/GFZ.WSM.Rel2008.Google Scholar
  63. Heidbac O., Tingay M. and Wenzel F., 2009, Frontiers in stress research – Observation, integration, and application, Tectonophysics, Special Issue, in press.Google Scholar
  64. Hergert T. and Heidbach O., 2006. New insights in the mechanism of postseismic stress relaxation exemplified by the June 23rd 2001 Mw = 8.4 earthquake in southern Peru: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 33, doi:1029/2005GL024585.Google Scholar
  65. Hergert T., Heidbach O., Bécel A., Hirn A. and Wenzel F., 2007, The seismic hazard of Istanbul: an approach with numerical stress field modelling. in 8. Forum DKKV/CEDIM: Disaster Reduction in Climate Change, pp. 4, Karlsruhe.Google Scholar
  66. Hergert T., 2009, Numerical modelling of the absolute stress state in the Marmara Sea region – a contribution to seismic hazard assessment, Ph. D. thesis, 152 pp., Karlsruhe Universität, Germany.Google Scholar
  67. Hodell D.A., Anselmetti F.S., Ariztegui D., Brenner M., Curtis J.H., Escobar J., Gilli A., Grzesik D.A., Guilderson T.J., Kutterolf S. and Müller A.D., 2008, An 85-Ka record of climate change in lowland Central America, Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 27, pp.1152–1165.Google Scholar
  68. Huang J. and Zhao D., 2006, High-resolution mantle tomography of China and surrounding regions, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, B09305. doi:10.1029/2005JB004066.Google Scholar
  69. Jolivet M., Ritz J.F., Vassallo R., Larroque C., Braucher R., Todbileg M., Chauvet A., Sue C., Arnaud N., De Vicente R., Arzhanikova A., Arzhanikov S., 2007, The Mongolian summits: An uplifted, flat, old but still preserved erosion surface, Geology, v. 35, pp. 871–874.Google Scholar
  70. Kendall J.M., Pilidou S., Keir D., Bastow I.D., Stuart G.W. and Ayele A., 2006, Mantle upwellings, melt migration and the rifting of Africa: insights form seismic anisotropy: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 259, p. 55–72.Google Scholar
  71. Kirkwood D., Lavoie D., Malo M. and Osadetz K. (Eds), 2009. The North American Arctic Margins (from the Beaufort Sea to Nares Strait). Proceedings of ILP 2006 workshop in Québec, Special issue of the Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology.Google Scholar
  72. Kusznir N.J., Marsden G. and Egan S.S., 1991, A flexural-cantilever simple-shear/pure-shear model of continental lithosphere extension: application to the Jeanne d’Arc Basin, Grand Banks and Viking Graben, North Sea. In: Roberts A M, Yielding G, Freeman B (Eds), The Geometry of Normal Faults: Geological Society of London, London, Special Publications, v. 56, pp. 41–60.Google Scholar
  73. Kusznir N.J. and Ziegler P.A., 1992, Mechanics of continental extension and sedimentary basin formation: a simple-shear/pure-shear flexural cantilever model, Tectonophysics, v. 215, pp. 117–131.Google Scholar
  74. Lacombe O., Lavé O., Roure F. and Vergés J. (Eds), 2007, Thrust belts and foreland basins: From fold kinematics to hydrocarbon systems. Proceedings of ILP 2005 workshop in Rueil-Malmaison, Frontiers in Earth Sciences, Springer, New York, 492 pp.Google Scholar
  75. Landes M., Ritter J.R.R. and Readman P.W., 2007, Proto-Iceland plume caused thinning of Irish lithosphere, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 255, pp. 32–40, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.12.003.Google Scholar
  76. Lawrence D.T., Doyle M. and Aigner T., 1990, Stratigraphic simulation of sedimentary basins: Concepts and calibration, AAPG Bulletin, v.74, pp. 273–295.Google Scholar
  77. Lei J., Zhao D., Steinberger B., Wu B., Shen F. and Li Z., 2009, New seismic constraints on the upper mantle structure of the Hainan plume, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 173, pp. 33–50.Google Scholar
  78. Lenoir X., Garrido C.J., Bodinier J.L. and Dautria J.M., 2000, Contrasting lithospheric mantle domains beneath the Massif Central (France) revealed by geochemistry of peridotite xenoliths, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v.181, pp. 359–375.Google Scholar
  79. Lenoir X., Garrido C., Bodinier J.-L., Dautria J.-M. and Gervilla F., 2001, The recrystallization front of the Ronda peridotite: Evidence for melting and thermal erosion of lithospheric mantle beneath the Alboran basin, Journal of Petrology, v. 42, pp. 141–158.Google Scholar
  80. Le Roux V., Bodinier J.L., Tommasi A., Alard O., Dautria J.M., Vauchez A. and Riches A., 2007, The Lherz spinel-lherzolite: Refertilized rather than pristine mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 259, pp. 599–612, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.05.026.Google Scholar
  81. Le Roux V., Tommasi A. and Vauchez A., 2008, Feedback between melt percolation and deformation in an exhumed lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.053.Google Scholar
  82. Lev E. and Hager B.H., 2008, Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities with anisotropic lithospheric viscosity, Geophysical Journal International, v. 173, pp. 806–814.Google Scholar
  83. Maruyama S., 1997, Pacific-type orogeny revisited: Miyashiro-type orogeny proposed. The Island Arc, v. 6, pp. 91–120.Google Scholar
  84. Marco S., 2007, Temporal variation in the geometry of a strike-slip fault zone: Examples from the Dead Sea Transform: Tectonophysics, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2007.08.014.Google Scholar
  85. Masana E., Pallàs R., Perea H., Ortuño M., Martínez-Díaz J.J., García-Meléndez E. and Santanach P. 2005, Large Holocene morphogenic earthquakes along the Albox fault, Betic Cordillera, Spain, Journal of Geodynamics, v. 40, pp. 119–133.Google Scholar
  86. Matsuda T. and Uyeda S., 1971, On the Pacific-type orogeny and its model: Extension of the paired belts concept and possible origin of marginal seas, Tectonophysics, v. 11, pp. 5–27.Google Scholar
  87. Mazzuoli R., Vezzoli L., Omarini R., Acocella V., Gioncada A., Matteini M., Dini A., Guillou H., Hauser N., Uttini A. and ScailletS., 2008, Miocene magmatic and tectonic evolution of the easternmost sector of a transverse structure in Central Andes at 24°S, Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 120, pp. 1493–1517.Google Scholar
  88. McKenzie D.P., 1978, Some remarks on the development of sedimentary basins, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 40, pp. 25–32.Google Scholar
  89. McNeill L.C., Collier R.E.L., De Martini P.M., Pantosti D. and D’Addezio G.2005, Recent history of the Eastern Eliki Fault, Gulf of Corinth: Geomorphology, paleoseismology and impact on palaeoenvironments, Geophysical Journal International, v. 161, pp. 154–166, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02559.Google Scholar
  90. Michetti A.M., Audemard F. and Marco S., 2005, Future trends in Paleoseismology: Integrated study of the Seismic Landscape as a vital tool in Seismic Hazard Analyses, Tectonophysics, v. 408, 1–4, pp. 3–21.Google Scholar
  91. Missenard Y., Zeyen H., Frizon de Lamotte D., Leturmy P., Petit C., Sébrier M. and Saddiqi O., 2006, Crustal versus asthenospheric origin of relief of the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, B03401, doi:10.1029/2005JB003708.Google Scholar
  92. Mooney W.D. and White S.M., 2009, Recent Developments in Earthquake Hazards Studies, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J., (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  93. Nakajima J. and Hasegawa A., 2007, Tomographic evidence for the mantle upwelling beneath southwestern Japan and its implications for arc magmatism, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 254, pp. 90–105.Google Scholar
  94. Nolet G., Allen R. and Zhao D., 2007, Mantle plume tomography, Chemical Geology, v. 241, pp. 248–263.Google Scholar
  95. Palyvos N., Pantosti D., De Martini P.M., Lemeille F., Sorel D. and Pavlopoulos K., 2005, The Aigion-Neos Erineos coastal normal fault system (western Corinth Gulf Rift, Greece): Geomorphological signature, recent earthquake history and evolution, Journal of Geophysical Research- Solid Earth, v. 110, B09302, doi: 10.1029/2004JB003165Google Scholar
  96. Pantosti D., Pucci S., Palyvos N., De Martini P.M., D’Addezio G., Collins P.E.F. and Zabci C., 2008. Paleoearthquakes of the Düzce fault (North Anatolian Fault Zone): insights for large surface faulting earthquake recurrence, Journal of Geophysical Research – Solid Earth, v. 113, B01309, doi:10.1029/2006JB004679Google Scholar
  97. Parnell J. Ed., 1994, Geofluids: origin migration and evolution of fluids in sedimentary basins: Geological Society of London, London, Special Publications, v. 78, pp. 1–372.Google Scholar
  98. Peper T., Van Balen R.T. and Cloetingh S., 1994, Implications of orogenic wedge growth intraplate stress variations and sea level change for foreland basin stratigraphy: inferences from numerical modeling. In: Dorobek S, Ross G (Eds), Stratigraphic development in foreland basins. SEPM Special Publication, v. 52, pp. 25–35.Google Scholar
  99. Petitjean S., Rabinowicz M., Grégoire M. and Chevrot S., 2006, Differences between Archean and Proterozoic lithospheres: Assessment of the possible major role of thermal conductivity, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, v. 7: Q03021, doi:10.1029/2005GC001053.Google Scholar
  100. Poutanen M., Dransch D., Gregersen S., Haubrock S., Ivins E.R., Klemann V., Kozlovskaya E., Kukkonen I., Lund B., Lunkka J.-P., Milne G., Müller J., Pascal C., Pettersen B.R., Scherneck H.G., Steffen H., Vermeersen B., Wolf D., 2009, DynaQlim – Upper Mantle Dynamics and Quaternary Climate in Cratonic Areas, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences. Springer Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  101. Price R.A., 1973, Large scale gravitational flow of supracrustal rocks, southern Canadian Rockies. In: de Jong K. and Scholten R.A. (Eds), Gravity and tectonics: Wiley, New York, pp. 491–502.Google Scholar
  102. Pucci S., De Martini P.M. and Pantosti D., 2008, Preliminary slip rate estimates for the Düzce segment of the North Anatolian Fault Zone from offset geomorphic markers: Geomorphology, v.97, 538–554, doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.09.002Google Scholar
  103. Reilinger R., McClusky S., Vernant P., Lawrence S., Ergintav S., Cakmak R., Ozener H., Kadirov F., Guliev I., Stepanyan R., Nadariya M., Hahubia G., Mahmoud S., Sakr K., ArRajehi A., Paradissis D., Al-Aydrus A., Prilepin M., Guseva T., Evren E., Dmitrosta A., Filikov S.V., Gomez F., Al-Ghazzi R. and Karam G., 2006, GPS constraints on continental deformation in the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia continental collision zone and implications for the dynamics of plate interaction, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, doi:10.1029/2005JB004051.Google Scholar
  104. Ritter J.R.R., Jordan M., Christensen U.R. and Achauer U., 2001, A mantle plume below the Eifel volcanic fields, Germany: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 186, p. 7–14.Google Scholar
  105. Roure F., Shein V.S., Ellouz N. and Skvortsov L. (Eds), 1996, Geodynamic evolution of sedimentary basins: Editions Technip, Paris, pp. 1–453.Google Scholar
  106. Roure F., Cloetingh S., Scheck-Wenderoth M. and Ziegler P.A., 2009, Achievements and Challenges in Sedimentary Basins Dynamics, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer.Google Scholar
  107. Rubinstein J.L., Shelly D.R. and Ellsworth W.L., 2009, Non-Volcanic Tremor and Slow Slip, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer.Google Scholar
  108. Sakuma S., Kajiwara T., Nakada S., Uto K. and Shimizu H., 2008, Drilling and logging results of USDP-4 – Penetration into the volcanic conduit of Unzen Volcano, Japan, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 175, pp. 1–12, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.03.039.Google Scholar
  109. Salveson J.O., 1976, Variations in the oil and gas geology of rift basins: Egyptian General Petroleum Corp, 5th Explor Sem, Cairo, Egypt, 15–17 November, 1976.Google Scholar
  110. Sassi W., Colletta B., Bale P. and Paquereau T., 1993, Modeling of structural complexity in sedimentary basins: the role of pre-existing faults in thrust tectonics, Tectonophysics, v. 226, pp. 97–112.Google Scholar
  111. Scheck-Wenderoth M., Bayer U. and Roure F. (Eds), 2009a. Progress in understanding sedimentary basins. ILP Task Force, Special issue of Teconophysics, in press.Google Scholar
  112. Scheck-Wenderoth M., Bayer U. and Roure F. (Eds), 2009b. Progress in understanding sedimentary basins. ILP Task Force, Special issue of Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press.Google Scholar
  113. Scholz C.A., Johnson T.C., Cohen A.S., King J.W., Peck J., Overpeck J.T., Talbot M.R., Brown E.T., Kalindekafe L., Amoako P.Y.O., Lyons R.P., Shanahan T.M., Castaneda I.S., Heil C.W., Forman S.L., McHargue L.R., Beuning K.R., Gomez J. and Pierson J., 2007, East African megadroughts between 135–75 kyr ago and bearing on early-modern human origins, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 104, pp. 16416–16421.Google Scholar
  114. Self S. and Blake S., 2008, Consequences of explosive super eruptions, Elements, v. 4, 1, pp. 41–46.Google Scholar
  115. Şengör A.M.C., 1993, Turkic-type orogeny in the Altaids: Implications for the evolution of continental crust and methodology of regional tectonic analysis (34th Bennett Lecture), Transactions of the Leicester Literature and Philosophical Society, v. 87, pp. 37–54.Google Scholar
  116. Sleep N.H., 1971, Thermal effects of the formation of Atlantic continental margins by continental break up, Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 24, pp. 325–350.Google Scholar
  117. Smith R. et al., 2009, Geodynamics of the Yellowstone Hotspot and Mantle Plume: Seismic and GPS, Imaging, Kinematics, Mantle Flow, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, in prep.Google Scholar
  118. Steacy S., Gomberg J. and Cocco M., 2005, Introduction to special section: Stress transfer, earthquake triggering, and time-dependent seismic hazard, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 110, doi:10.1029/2005JB003692.Google Scholar
  119. Steckler M.S. and Watts A.B., 1982, Subsidence history and tectonic evolution of Atlantic-type continental margins. In: Scrutton R.A. (Ed) Dynamics of Passive Margins: AGU Geodynamics Series, v. 6, pp. 184–196.Google Scholar
  120. Stein C., Schmalzl J. and Hansen U., 2004, The effect of rheological parameters on plate behaviour in a selfconsistent model of mantle convection, Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, v. 142, pp. 225–255.Google Scholar
  121. Stolper E.M., DePaolo D.J. and Thomas D.M., 2009, Deep drilling into a Mantle Plume Volcano: The Hawaii scientific drilling project, Scientific Drilling, v. 7, pp. 4 – 14, doi:10.2204/iodp.sd.7.02.2009.Google Scholar
  122. Tackley P., 2000, Self-consistent generation of tectonic plates in time-dependent, three-dimensional mantle convection simulations. 2. Strain weakening and asthenosphere, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 1, 8, doi:10.1029/ 2000GC000043 .Google Scholar
  123. Tapponnier P., Zhiqin X., Roger F., Meyer B., Arnaud N., Wittlinger G. and Jingsui Y., 2001, Oblique stepwise rise and growth of the Tibetan Plateau, Science, v. 294: 1671–1677.Google Scholar
  124. Tesauro M., Kaban M.K. and Cloetingh S.A.P.L., 2008. EuCRUST-07: A new reference model for the European crust, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 35, doi:10.1029/ 2007GL032244.Google Scholar
  125. Tesauro M., Kaban M.K. and Cloetingh S., 2009a, 3D crustal model of Western and Central Europe as a basis for modelling mantle structure, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, this volume, Springer.Google Scholar
  126. Tesauro M., Kaban M.K. and Cloetingh S., 2009b, Thermal and rheological model of the European lithosphere, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, this volume, Springer.Google Scholar
  127. Tibaldi A. and Lagmay A.F.M. (Eds), 2006. Interaction between Volcanoes and their basement, Journal Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Special Issue, v. 158, 220 pp.Google Scholar
  128. Tibaldi A., 2008, Contractional tectonics and magma paths in volcanoes, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 176, pp. 291–301.Google Scholar
  129. Tibaldi A. and Pasquarè F., 2008, A new mode of inner volcano growth: The “flower intrusive structure”: Earth Planetary Science Letters, v.271, pp. 202–208.Google Scholar
  130. Tibaldi A., Corazzato C., Kozhurin A., Lagmay A.F.M., Pasquaré F.A., Ponomareva V., Rust D., Tormey D. and Vezzoli L., 2008a, Influence of substrate tectonic heritage on the evolution of composite volcanoes: Predicting sites of flank eruptions, lateral collapse, and erosion, Global and Planetary Change, v. 61 (3), pp. 151–174.Google Scholar
  131. Tibaldi A., Pasquarè F.A., Papanikolaou D. and Nomikou P., 2008b, Discovery of a huge sector collapse at the resurgent caldera of Nisyros, Greece, by onshore and offshore geological-structural data, Journal of Volcanology Geothermal Research, v.177, pp. 485–499.Google Scholar
  132. Tibaldi A., Vezzoli L., Pasquarè F.A. and Rust D., 2008c, Strike-slip fault tectonics and the emplacement of sheet-laccolith systems: The Thverfell case study (SW Iceland), Journal of Structural Geology, v.30, pp. 274–290.Google Scholar
  133. Tibaldi A., Pasquarè F. and Tormey D., 2009, Relationship between compressional fault tectonics and volcanism, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  134. Tommasi A., Gibert B., Seipold U. and Mainprice D., 2001, Anisotropy of thermal diffusivity in the upper mantle. Nature, v. 411, pp. 783–787.Google Scholar
  135. Tommasi A., Godard M., Coromina G., Dautria J.-M. and Barsczus H., 2004, Seismic anisotropy and compositionally induced velocity anomalies in the lithosphere above mantle plumes: A petrological and microstructural study of mantle xenoliths from French Polynesia, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 227, no. 3–4, pp. 539–556.Google Scholar
  136. Tommasi A., Knoll M., Vauchez A., Signorelli J.W., Thoraval C. and Loge R., 2009, Structural reactivation in plate tectonics controlled by olivine crystal anisotropy: Nature Geosciences, v. 2, p. 423–427.Google Scholar
  137. Van der Beek P.A. and Cloetingh S., 1992, Lithospheric flexure and the tectonic evolution of the Betic Cordillers, Tectonophysics, v. 203, pp. 325–344.Google Scholar
  138. Vanneste K., Radulov A., De Martini P.M., Nikolov G., Petermans T., Verbeeck K., Camelbeeck T., Pantosti D., Dimitrov D. and Shanov S. 2006, Paleoseismologic investigation of the fault rupture of the 14 April 1928 Chirpan earthquake (M 6.8), southern Bulgaria, Journal of Geophysical Research – Solid Earth, v. 111, B01303, doi:10.1029/2005JB003814Google Scholar
  139. Vestøl O., 2006, Determination of postglacial land uplift in Fennoscandia from leveling, tide-gauges and continuous GPS stations using least squares collocation, Journal of Geodesy, v. 80, pp. 248–258. doi 10.1007/s00190- 006-0063-7.Google Scholar
  140. Vilasi N., Malandain J., Barrier L., Callot J.-P., Amrouch K., Guilhaumou N., Lacombe O., Muska K., Roure F. and Swennen R., 2009, From outcrop and petrographic studies to basin-scale fluid flow modelling: The use of the Albanian natural laboratory for carbonate reservoir characterisation: Tectonophysics, v. 474, p. 367–392.Google Scholar
  141. Vočadlo L., 2009, Geomaterials Research – ab initio simulation of the Earth’s core, in Cloetingh S. and Negendank J. (Eds), New Frontiers in Integrated Solid Earth Sciences, Springer.Google Scholar
  142. Wang C., Zhao X., Liu Z., Lippert P.C., Graham S.A., Coe R.S., Yi H., Zhu L., Liu S. and Li Y., 2008, Constraints on the early uplift history of the Tibetan Plateau. PNAS, v. 105, pp. 4987–4992.Google Scholar
  143. Watts A.B., Karner G.D. and Steckler M.S., 1982, Lithospheric flexure and the evolution of sedimentary basins. In: Kent P, Bott M H P, McKenzie D P, Williams C A (Eds) The Evolution of Sedimentary Basins: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Ser. A., v. 305, pp. 249–281.Google Scholar
  144. Watts A.B., Platt J. and Buhl P., 1993, Tectonic evolution of the Alboran Sea basin, Basin Research, v. 5, pp. 153–177.Google Scholar
  145. Wawerzinek B., Ritter J.R.R., Jordan M. and Landes M., 2008, An upper-mantle upwelling underneath Ireland revealed from non linear tomography, Geophysical Journal International, v. 175, pp. 253–268, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03908.Google Scholar
  146. Wilson J.T., 1966, Did the Atlantic close and then re-open?, Nature, v. 211, pp. 676–681.Google Scholar
  147. Wilson M. 2008. Fluid streaming from the Transition Zone as a trigger for within-plate magmatism, Geophysical Research Abstracts, v. 10, EGU2008-A-05636.Google Scholar
  148. Windley B.F., 1992, Proterozoic collisional and accretionary orogens, in Condie K.C. (Ed), Proterozoic crustal evolution. Developments in Precambrian Geology. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 419–446.Google Scholar
  149. Windley B.F., Alexeiev D., Xiao W., Kroner A. and Badarch G., 2007, Tectonic models for accretion of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 164, pp. 31–47.Google Scholar
  150. Wirth R., 2004, Focused ion beam (FIB): A novel technology for advanced application of micro- and nanoanalysis in geosciences and applied mineralogy, European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 16, pp. 863–876.Google Scholar
  151. Xiao W., Windley B.F., Yuan C., Sun M., Han C., Lin S.F., Chen H., Yan Q., Liu D., Qin K., Li J. and Sun S., 2009a, Paleozoic multiple subduction-accretion processes of the Southern Altaids: American Journal of Science, v.309, in press.Google Scholar
  152. Xiao W., Windley B.F., Yong Y., Yan Z., Yuan C., Liu C. and Li J., 2009b, Early Paleozoic to Devonian multiple-accretionary model for the Qilian Shan, NW China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, in press.Google Scholar
  153. Yin A. and Harrison T.M., 2000, Geologic evolution of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogen. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 28, pp. 211–280.Google Scholar
  154. Zhang Q., Qian Q., Wang E., Wang Y., Zhao T., Hao J. and Guo G., 2001, An East China Plateau in mid-late Yanshanian period: Implication from adakites, Chinese Journal of Geology, v. 36, pp. 248–255 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  155. Zhao D., Lei J. and Tang Y., 2004, Origin of the Changbai volcano in northeast China: Evidence from seismic tomography: Chinese Science Bulletin, v. 49, pp. 1401–1408.Google Scholar
  156. Zhao D., 2007, Seismic images under 60 hotspots: Search for mantle plumes. Gondwana Research, v. 12, pp. 335–355.Google Scholar
  157. Zhao D., Maruyama S. and Omori S., 2007, Mantle dynamics of western Pacific to East Asia: New insight from seismic tomography and mineral physics, Gondwana Research, v. 11, pp. 120–131.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISES, Faculty of Earth and Life SciencesVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam, Deutsches GeoforschungsZentrum (GFZ)PotsdamGermany

Personalised recommendations