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A Husserlian, Neurophenomenologic Approach to Embodiment

  • Jean-Luc Petit
Chapter

Abstrct

Normally, we perfectly know where we are: we know that we are viewing the world from a particular and unique point of view. We know that we inhabit the physical body that is situated precisely at this same point of space. We localize ourselves in an absolute manner: definitely, we are ‘here’! We know where our hand is without having to watch it constantly, and we move our body without having to look around to know where it went. We can reach out for an object close at hand without having to fix it attentively in advance in order not to miss it. Such ‘knowledge’ (a misnomer) is indispensable in order for us to deal in a rapid, silent, adaptive and efficacious way with our customary occupations and duties. It is only when anomalies occur linked to cerebral lesions which make unreliable this implicit ‘knowledge’ and distort our experience that we become aware of the fact that this experience is contingent upon unknown conditions. Conditions that neuroscience help us understand by linking them to dysfunctions of the mechanisms underlying our sense of the moving body: ‘kinaesthesia’.

Keywords

Phenomenological Description Motor Organ External Thing Dissociate Identity Disorder Visual Receptor Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

I express my gratitude for the translation to Dr Christopher Macann, translator of the recently published book Berthoz and Petit 2008, the drafts from where I borrowed the bulk of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Luc Petit
    • 1
  1. 1.Université de Strasbourg and Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l’Action, Collège de FranceParisFrance

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