Naturalized Phenomenology

  • Dan Zahavi


It is always risky to make sweeping statements about the development of philosophy, but if one were nevertheless asked to describe twentieth century philosophy in broad strokes, one noteworthy feature might be the following: Whereas important figures at the beginning of the century, figures such as Frege and Husserl, were very explicit in their rejection of naturalism (both are known for their rejection of the attempt to naturalize the laws of logic, that is, for their criticism of psychologism), the situation has changed considerably. Today many philosophers - not the least within analytical philosophy - would subscribe to some form of naturalism. In fact, naturalism is seen by many as the default metaphysical position. If you don’t subscribe to naturalism you must be subscribing to some form of Cartesian substance dualism. Thus, whereas 20 or 30 years ago one might have been inclined to characterize the development of twentieth century philosophy in terms of a linguistic turn, a turn from a philosophy of subjectivity to a philosophy of language, it might today be more apt to describe the development in terms of a turn from anti-naturalism to naturalism.


Empirical Science Transcendental Phenomenology Transcendental Idealism Positive Science Transcendental Philosophy 
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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Zahavi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Media, Cognition and Communication & Center for Subjectivity ResearchUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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