Bewley, S, M Davies, and P Braude. 2005. Which career first? British Medical Journal 331:588–589.
Templeton, SK. 2006. Late motherhood as ‘big a problem’ as teenage mums. The Times.
Shaw, RL and DC Giles. 2009. Motherhood on ice? A media framing analysis of older mothers in the UK news. Psychology and Health 24(2): 221–236.
Jewell, David, J Tacchi, and J Donovan. 2000. Teenage pregnancy: whose problem is it? Family Practice 17(6):522–528.
Johnson, MH and BJ Everitt. 2007. Essential reproduction. Malden, MA [etc.]: Blackwell, 142.
Rodstrom, K, C Bengtsson, I Milsom et al. 2003. Evidence for a secular trend in menopausal age: a population study of women in Gothenburg. Menopause 10(6):538–543.
Hebert, PR, G Reed, SS Entman et al. 1999. Serious maternal morbidity after childbirth: Prolonged hospital stays and readmissions. Obstetrics and Gynecology 94(6):942–947.
Tough, Suzanne C, Christine Newburn-Cook, David W Johnston et al. 2002. Delayed childbearing and its impact on population rate changes in lower birth weight, multiple birth and preterm delivery. Pediatrics 109:399–403.
Schempf, Ashley H, Amy M Branum, Susan L Lukacs et al. 2007. Maternal age and parity-associated risks of preterm birth. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 21(1):34–43.
Strong, C. 2002. A framework for reproductive ethics. In Ethical issues in maternal-fetal medicine, ed. Donna Dickenson, 17–37. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (pp. 32–33).
Häyry, M. 2004. A rational cure for prereproductive stress syndrome. Journal of Medical Ethics 30:377–378.
Oderberg, D. 2005. Towards a natural law critique of genetic engineering. Philosophical reflections on medical ethics, ed. N Athanassoulis, 109–134. Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.
Deneux-Tharaux, C, MH Berg, M Bouvier-Colle et al. 2005. Underreporting of Pregnancy-Related Mortality in the United States and Europe. Obstetrics & Gynecology 106(4):684–692.
Grimes, DA. 1994. The role of hormonal contraceptives: the morbidity and mortality of pregnancy: still risky business. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 170(5S) Supplement:1489–1494.
Archivist. 2002. Cost of delayed childbearing. Archives of disease in childhood 87:311.
Malin, M. 2002. Made in Finland: infertility doctors’ representations of children. Critical Public Health 12(4), 1: 291–308.
Chadwick, R. 1992. Ethics, reproduction and genetic control. New York: Routledge, p. xvi.
Henderson, M. 2005. Trauma of infertility is worse than cancer, says Winston. The Times.
Bloom, DE and J Trussell. 1984. What are the determinants of delayed childbearing and permanent childlessness in the United States? Demography 21(4):591–611.
te Velde, ER and PL Pearson. 2002. The variability of female reproductive ageing. Human Reproduction Update 8(2):141–154.
Purdy, L. 2006. Women’s reproductive autonomy: medicalisation and beyond. Journal of Medical Ethics 32:287–291.
Hemminki, E and M Gissler. 1996. Births by younger and older mothers in a population with late and regulated childbearing: Finland 1991. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 75(1):19–27.
Briggs, M, W Hopman, and MA Jamieson. 2007. Comparing pregnancy in adolescents and adults: obstetric outcomes and prevalence of anemia. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada 29(7):546–555.
Cleary-Goldman, J, Fergal D Malone, J Vidaver et al. 2005. Impact of maternal age on obstetric outcome. Obstetrics & Gynecology 105(5):983–990.
Jolly, M, N Sebire, J Harris et al. 2000. The risks associated with pregnancy in women aged 35 years or older. Human Reproduction 15(11):2433–2437.
Dulitzki, M, D Soriano, E Schiff et al. 1998. Effect of very advanced maternal age on pregnancy outcome and rate of cesarean delivery. Obstetrics & Gynecology 92:935–939.
Dion, K. 1995. Delayed parenthood and women’s expectations about the transition to parenthood. International journal of Behavioral Development 18:315–318.
Shelton, N and S Johnson. 2006. ‘I think motherhood for me was a bit like a double-edged sword’: the narratives of older mothers. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 16:316–330.
Graham, H. 1993. Hardship and health in women’s lives. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 109, 188, 189.
Lee, C. 1997. Social context, depression, and the transition to motherhood. British Journal of Health Psychology 2(Part 2):93–108.
Hoggart, L. 2006. Risk: Young women and sexual decision-making. Forum: qualitative social research 7(1), Art. 28. Section 4.2.
Oakley, A. 1993. Essays on women, medicine and health. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, p. 84.
Foggo, D and L Rogers. 2006. Fertility experts urge end to “selfish” late motherhood. The Sunday Times.
O’Connora, Thomas G, Yoav Ben-Shlomob, Jon Heronc et al. 2005. Prenatal Anxiety Predicts Individual Differences in Cortisol in Pre-Adolescent Children. Biological Psychiatry 58(3).
Roberts, H. 1997. Socioeconomic determinants of health: Children, inequalities, and health. British Medical Journal 314:1122.
Hertzman, C and M Wiens. 1996. Child development and long-term outcomes: a population health perspective and summary of successful interventions. Social science and medicine 43(7):1083–1095.
Batty, David G, Geoff Der, Sally Macintyre et al. 2006. Does IQ explain socioeconomic inequalities in health? Evidence from a population based cohort study in the west of Scotland. British Medical Journal 332(7541):580–558.
Hope, T, G Lockwood, L Lockwood et al. 1999. An ethical debate: should older women be offered in vitro fertilization? In Bioethics: an anthology, eds. H Kuhse and P Singer, 116–123. Oxford: Blackwell
Martino, SC, RL Collins, PL Ellickson et al. 2006. Exploring the link between substance abuse and abortion: the roles of unconventionality and unplanned pregnancy. Perspectives on Sex and Reproductive Health 38(2):66–75.
Freeman, SB. 2005. Preventing unplanned pregnancy. The right contraceptive fit can make a difference. Advance for Nurse Practitioners 13(8):57–59, 61–62, 67.
Anon. 2006. One third of births ‘not planned’. BBC News Online Available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/edinburgh_and_east/6153736.stm (accessed 31st January 2008).
Drife, JO. 1993. Contraceptive problems in the developed world. British Medical Bulletin 49(1):17–2626.