Science Inspiring Diplomacy: The Improbable Montreal Protocol
- 1.1k Downloads
I would like to thank Dr. Christos Zerefos for the opportunity to return to this beautiful country, where I once served as an American diplomat several years before I became the chief US negotiator for the Montreal Protocol. I am particularly honored to speak at the Academy of Athens, and feel awed to be in the company of so many of the world's most influential scientists, who contributed immeasurably to the extraordinary success of this historic treaty. Many of these renowned scientists are now personal friends, who became my mentors and associates during the complex negotiations to protect the fragile and endangered stratospheric ozone layer.
I am particularly grateful to Dr. Zerefos for generously assigning me the task of expounding the history of the Montreal Protocol in just 15 minutes. But I suppose that for an ancient civilization like Greece, the matter of time—whether 20 years or a quarter-hour—is not so important. I only hope that Dr. Zerefos will not stand behind me with a klepsydra—the ancient water clock that was used to time Athenian orators in the Agora—ready to pour water on me when my time is up!
KeywordsOzone Depletion Ozone Layer Stratospheric Ozone Montreal Protocol Protocol Negotiation
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Alliance for Responsible CFC Policy. (1985). An economic portrait of the CFC-utilizing industries of the United States (pp. 10–11). Rosslyn, VA.Google Scholar
- Baumert, K. A., Herzog, T., & Pershing, J. (2005). Navigating the numbers: Greenhouse gas data and international climate policy (p. 12). Washington: World Resources Institute.Google Scholar
- Benedick, R. E. (1991, rev. ed. 1998). Ozone diplomacy: New directions in safeguarding the planet. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Benedick, R. E. (2007a). Avoiding gridlock on climate change. National Academy of Sciences: Issues in Science and Technology, Winter 2007, 37–40.Google Scholar
- Benedick, R. E. (2007b). Moving on from Montreal. Guardian Unlimited (UK), September 16, 2007.Google Scholar
- Brasseur, G., & Simon, P. (1988). Changes in stratospheric ozone: Observations and theories. Astronomica Acta, A-no.334, 9–11.Google Scholar
- Brasseur, G., & Solomon, S. (1984). Anatomy of the middle atmosphere. Hingham, MA: D. Reidel. p. 410.Google Scholar
- Dotto, L., & Schiff, H. (1978). The ozone war. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
- Dowdeswell, E., & Obasi, G. O. P. (1995). Foreword. In R. Bojkov (Ed.), The changing ozone layer. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization and United Nations Environment Programme.Google Scholar
- Farmer, J. C., Gardiner, B. G., & Shanklin, J. D. Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/Nox interaction. Nature, 315, 207–210.Google Scholar
- Reagan, R. (1988). Statement April 15, 1988; reprinted in President signs protocol on ozone-depleting substances. Department of State Bulletin, June 1988, 30.Google Scholar
- Rowland, F. S. (1989). Chlorofluorocarbons and the depletion of stratospheric ozone. American Scientist, 77, 37–39, 41–43.Google Scholar
- United States Environmental Protection Agency. (1987). Protection of stratospheric ozone. Fed eral Register 52, 239, 749.Google Scholar
- World Meteorological Organization. (1986). Atmospheric ozone 1985: Assessment of our understanding of the processes controlling its present distribution and change. Geneva: WMO.Google Scholar