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The Optimum Level of Well-Being: Can People Be Too Happy?

  • Shigehiro Oishi
  • Ed Diener
  • Richard E. Lucas
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 37)

Abstract

Psychologists, self-help gurus, and parents all work to make their clients, friends, and children happier. Recent research indicates that happiness is functional and generally leads to success. However, most people are already above neutral in happiness, which raises the question of whether higher levels of happiness facilitate more effective functioning than do lower levels. Our analyses of large survey data and longitudinal data show that people who experience the highest levels of happiness are the most successful in terms of close relationships and volunteer work, but that those who experience slightly lower levels of happiness are the most successful in terms of income, education, and political participation. Once people are moderately happy, the most effective level of happiness appears to depend on the specific outcomes used to define success, as well as the resources that are available.

Keywords

Life Satisfaction Positive Affect Positive Emotion Political Participation Volunteer Work 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shigehiro Oishi
    • 1
  • Ed Diener
    • 2
  • Richard E. Lucas
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of IllinoisChampaignUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyMichigan State UniversityUSA

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