Advertisement

Grape Bud Dormancy Release − The Molecular Aspect

Grapevine is a woody temperate-zone perennial. As such, it presents a period of active growth from spring to fall, followed by a rest period in the winter. Soon after bud burst in the spring, a complex bud is formed within the axil of each leaf on the young shoot. In the prophyll of the prompt bud, which may burst within the same growing season and develop into a lateral shoot, three latent buds are formed, known as the primary, secondary and tertiary buds. During the spring and early summer, about 10 leaf primordia develop in each of these buds, while inflorescence primordia develop mainly in the primary bud (Boss et al. 2003 and references therein). In mid-summer, the latent buds enter a phase of paradormancy, in which bud burst is repressed by factors originating in other plant organs, such as auxin from the apical meristem (Lang 1987, Lavee and May 1997).

Keywords

Dormancy Release Actin Depolymerization Factor Artificial Stimulus Hydrogen Cyanamide Deciduous Fruit Tree 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderberg RJ, Walker-Simmons MK (1992) Isolation of a wheat cDNA clone for an abscisic acid-inducible transcript with homology to protein kinases. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:10183-10187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson MC, Chen Z, Klessig FD (1998) Possible involvement of lipid peroxidation in salicylic acid mediated induction of PR-1 gene expression. Phytochemistry 47:555-566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anil VS, Harmon AC, Rao KS (2000) Spatio-temporal accumulation and activity of calciumdependent protein kinases during embryogenesis, seed development, and germination in sandalwood. Plant Physiol 122:1035-1043PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Awasthi YC, Ansari GA, Awasthi S (2005) Regulation of 4-hydroxynonenal mediated signalling by glutathione S-transferases. Meth Enzymol 401:379-407PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baud S, Vaultier MN, Rochat C (2004) Structure and expression of the sucrose synthase multigene family in Arabidopsis. J Exp Bot 396:397-409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baxter CJ, Redestig H, Schauer N, Repsilber D, Patil KR, Nielsen J, Selbig J, Liu J, Fernie AR, Sweetlove LJ (2007) The metabolic response of heterotrophic Arabidopsis cells to oxidative stress. Plant Physiol 143(1):312-325Google Scholar
  7. Beverige CA, Mathesius U, Rose RJ, Gresshoff PM (2007) Common regulatory themes in meristem development and whole-plant homeostasis. Curr Opin Plant Biol 10:44-51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Boss PK, Elise J, Buckeridge AP, Thomas M (2003) New insights into grapevine flowering. Funct Plant Biol 30:593-606Google Scholar
  9. Buchanan BB, Gruissem W, Jones RL (2000) Biochemistry and molecular biology of plants. Am Soc Plant Physiol. Rockville, MDGoogle Scholar
  10. Cattivelli L, Bartlet D (1992) Biochemical and molecular biology of cold-inducible enzymes and proteins in higher plants. In: Wray JL (ed) Society for experimental biology seminar series 49: Inducible plant proteins. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  11. Clifton R, Millar AH, Whelan J (2006) Alternative oxidases in Arabidopsis: a comparative analysis of differential expression in the gene family provides new insights into function of nonphosphorylating bypasses. Biochim Biophys Acta 1757:730-741PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Conrath U, Silva H, Klessig DF (1997) Protein dephosphorylation mediates salicylic acid-induced expression of Pr-1 genes in tobacco. Plant J 11:747-757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dat JF, Lop H, Foyer CH, Scott IM (1998) Parallel changes in H2O2 and catalase during thermotolerance induced by salicylic acid or heat acclimation in mustard seedlings. Plant Physiol 116:1351-1357PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dookazalian NK (1999) Chilling temperature and duration interact on the budbreak of ‘Perlette’ grapevine cuttings. HortScience 34:1054-1056Google Scholar
  15. Dookazalian NK, Williams LE (1995) Chilling exposure and hydrogen cyanamide interact in breaking dormancy of grape buds. HortScience 30:1244-1247Google Scholar
  16. Edwards R, Dixon DP (2005) Plant glutathione transferases. Meth Enzymol 401:169-186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Erez A (1987) Chemical control of bud break. HortScience 22:1240-1243Google Scholar
  18. Erez A, Fishman S, Linsley-Noakes GC, Allan P (1990) The dynamic model for rest completion in peach buds. Acta Hort 276:165-174Google Scholar
  19. Erez A, Lavee S (1974) Recent advances in breaking the dormancy of deciduous fruit trees. In: Proc 19th Intl Hort Congress, Warszawa. 3:69–78 Faust M, Erez A, Rowland IJ, Wang SY, Norman HA (1997) Bud dormancy in perennial fruit trees: physiological basis for dormancy induction, maintenance, and release. HortScience 32:623-628Google Scholar
  20. Fei Z, Tang X, Alba R, White J, Ronning C, Martin G, Tanksley S, Giovannoni J (2004) Comprehensive EST analysis of tomato and comparative genomics of fruit ripening. Plant J 40:47- 59PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Foreman J, Demidchik V, Bothwell JHF, Mylona P, Miedema H, Torresk MA, Linstead P, Costa S, Bronlee C, Jonesk JDG, Davies JM, Dolan L (2003) Reactive oxygen species produced by NADPH oxidase regulate plant cell growth. Nature 422, 442-446.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Foyer CH, Lopes-Delgado H, Dat JF, Scott IM (1997) Hydrogen peroxide and glutathioneassociated mechanisms of acclimatory stress tolerance and signalling. Physiol Plant 100:1554- 1561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Foyer CH, Noctor G (2005) Oxidant and antioxidant signalling in plants: a re-evaluation of the concept of oxidative stress in a physiological context. Plant Cell Environ 28:1056–1071. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01327.xGoogle Scholar
  24. Gallais S, de Crescenzo M-AP, Laval-Martin DL (2000) Changes in soluble and membranebound isoforms of calcium-calmodulin-dependent and -independent NAD+ kinase, during the culture of after-ripened and dormant seeds of Avena sativa. Aust J Plant Physiol 27:649-658Google Scholar
  25. Gallais S, de Crescenzo MA-P, Laval-Martin DL (2001) Characterization of soluble calcium calmodulin-dependent and -independent NAD+ kinases from Avena sativa seeds. Aust J Plant Physiol 28:363-371Google Scholar
  26. Gelhaye E, Rouhier N, Gerard J, Jolivet Y, Gualberto J, Navrot N, Ohlsson PI, Wingsle G, Hirasawa M, Knaff DB, Wang H, Dizengremel P, Meyer Y, Jacquot JP (2004) A specific form of thioredoxin h occurs in plant mitochondria and regulates the alternative oxidase. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:14545-14550PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gu R, Fonseca S, Puskas LG, Hackler L Jr, Zvara A, Dudits D, Pais MS (2004) Transcript identification and profiling during salt stress and recovery of Populus euphratica. Tree Physiol 24:265-276PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Halaly T, Pang X, Batikoff T, Keilin T, Crane O, Keren A, Venkateswari J, Ogrodovitch A, Or E (2008) Similar mechanisms are triggered by alternative external stimuli that induce dormancy release: comparative study of the effects of hydrogen cyanamide and heat shock on dormancy release in grape buds. Planta 228:79-88PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hardie DG (1994) Ways of coping with stress. Nature 370:599-600PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hatzivassiliou G, Zhao F, Bauer DE, Andreadis C, Shaw AN, Dhanak D, Hingorani SR, Tuveson DA, Thompson CB (2005) ATP citrate lyase inhibition can suppress tumor cell growth. Cancer Cell 8(4):311-321PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jacquot JP, Gelhaye E, Rouhier N, Corbier C, Didierjean C, Aubry A (2002) Thioredoxins and related proteins in photosynthetic organisms: molecular basis for thiol dependent regulation. Biochem Pharmacol 64:1065-1069PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Juszczuk IM, Rychter AM (2003) Alternative oxidase in higher plants. Acta Biochim Pol 50:1257-1271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Kadir SA, Proebsting EL (1994) Screening sweet cherry selections for dormant floral bud hardiness. HortScience 29:104-106Google Scholar
  34. Keilin T, Pang X, Venkateswari J, Halaly T, Crane O, Keren A, Ogrodovitch A, Ophir R, Volpin H, Galbraith D, Or E (2007) Digital expression profiling of a grape-bud EST collection leads to new insight into molecular events during grape-bud dormancy release. Plant Sci 173:446- 557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kim KN, Cheong YH, Grant JJ, Pandey GK, Luan S (2003) CIPK3, a calcium sensor-associated protein kinase that regulates abscisic acid and cold signal transduction in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 15:411-423PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kliebenstein DJ, Dietrich RA, Martin AC, Last RL, Dangl JL (1999) LSD1 regulates salicylic acid induction of copper zinc superoxide dismutase in Arabidopsis thaliana. Mol Plant- Microbe Interact 12:1022-1026PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Koch K (2004) Sucrose metabolism: regulatory mechanisms and pivotal roles in sugar sensing and plant development. Curr Opin Plant Biol 7:235-246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Koussa T, Broquedis M, Bouard J (1994) Changes of abscisic acid level during the development of grapevine latent buds, particularly in the phase of dormancy break. Vitis 33:63-67Google Scholar
  39. Laloi C, Mestres-Ortega D, Marco Y, Meyer Y, Reichheld JP (2004) The Arabidopsis cytosolic thioredoxin h5 gene induction by oxidative stress and its W-box-mediated response to pathogen elicitor. Plant Physiol 134:1006–1016Lang GA (1987) Dormancy: A new universal terminology. HortScience 22:817-820PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lavee S, May P (1997) Dormancy of grapevine buds. Aust J Grape Wine Res 3:31-46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Marana C, Garcia-Olmedo F, Carbonero P (1990) Differential expression of two types of sucrose synthase-encoding genes in wheat in response to anaerobiosis, cold shock and light. Gene 88:167-172PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Marchand C, Marechal PL, Meyer Y, Miginiac-Maslow M, Issakidis-Bourguet E, Decottignies P (2004) New targets of Arabidopsis thioredoxins revealed by proteomic analysis. Proteomics 4:2696-2706PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mathiason K, He D, Grimplet J, Venkateswari J, Galbraith DW, Or E, Fennell A. (2008) Transcript profiling in Vitis riparia during chilling requirement fulfillment reveals coordination of gene expression patterns with optimized bud break. Funct Integr Genomics. 2008: [Epub ahead of print]Google Scholar
  44. Mazel A, Leshem Y, Tiwari BS, Levine A (2004) Induction of salt and osmotic stress tolerance by overexpression of an intracellular vesicle trafficking protein AtRab7 (AtRabG3e). Plant Physiol 134:118-128PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mazzitelli L, Hancock RD, Haupt S, Walker PG, Pont SDA, McNicol J, Cardle L, Morris J, Viola R, Brennan R, Hedley PE, Taylor MA (2007) Co-ordinated gene expression during phases of dormancy release in raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) buds. J Exp Bot 58:1035-1045PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Molen T, Rosso D, Piercy S, Maxwell DP (2006) Characterization of the alternative oxidase of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in response to oxidative stress and a shift in nitrogen source. Physiol Plant 127:74–86. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00643.xGoogle Scholar
  47. Molendijk AJ, Ruperti B, Palme K (2004) Small GTPases in vesicle trafficking. Curr Opin Plant Biol 7:694-700PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Moller IM (2001) Plant mitochondria and oxidative stress: electron transport, NADPH turnover, and metabolism of reactive oxygen species. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 52:561- 591PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Muthalif MM, Rowland IJ (1994) Identification of dehydrin-like proteins responsive to chilling in floral buds of bluebery (vaccinium, section cyanococcus). Plant Physiol 104:1439-1447PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Nie X, Hill RD (1997) Mitochondrial respiration and hemoglobin gene expression in barley aleurone tissue. Plant Physiol. 114:835-840PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Nir G, Shulman Y, Fanberstein L, Lavee S (1986) Changes in the activity of catalase (EC 1.11.1.6) in relation to the dormancy of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) buds. Plant Physiol 81:1140-1142PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Or E, Nir G, Vilozny I (1999) Timing of hydrogen cyanamide application to grapevine buds. Vitis 38:1-6Google Scholar
  53. Or E, Belausov E, Popilevsky I, Ben Tal Y (2000a) Changes in endogenous ABA level in relation to the dormancy cycle in grapevine grown in hot climate. J Hort Sci Biotechnol 75:190-194Google Scholar
  54. Or E, Vilozny I, Eyal Y, Ogrodovitch A (2000b) The transduction of the signal for grape bud dormancy breaking, induced by hydrogen cyanamide, may involve the SNF-like protein kinase GDBRPK. Plant Mol Biol 43:483-489Google Scholar
  55. Or E, Vilozny I, Fennell A, Eyal Y, Ogrodovitch A (2002) Dormancy in grape buds: isolation and characterization of catalase cDNA and analysis of its expression following chemical induction of bud dormancy release. Plant Sci 162:121-130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Ouellet F, Carpentier E, Cope MJ, Monroy AF, Sarhan F (2001) Regulation of a wheat actindepolymerizing factor during cold acclimation. Plant Physiol 125:360–368Raza H, Robin MA, Fang JK, Avadhani NG (2002) Multiple isoforms of mitochondrial gluathione S-transferases and their differential induction under oxidative stress. Biochem J 366:45-55PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Pacey-Miller T, Scott K, Ablett E, Tingey S, Ching A, Henry R (2003) Genes associated with the end of dormancy in grapes. Funct Integr Genomics 3:144-152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Pandey GK, Cheong YH, Kim KN, Grant JJ, Li L, Hung W, D’Angelo C, Weinl S, Kudla J, Luan S (2004) The calcium sensor calcineurin B-like 9 modulates abscisic acid sensitivity and biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 16:1912-1924PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Pang X, Halaly T, Crane O, Keilin T, Keren A, Ogrodovitch A, Galbraith D, Or E (2007) Involvement of calcium signalling in dormancy release of grape buds. J Exp Bot 58:3249-3262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Pei ZM, Murata Y, Benning G (2000) Calcium channels activated by hydrogen peroxide mediate abscisic acid signalling in guard cells. Nature 406:731-734PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Perez FJ, Lira W (2005) Possible role of catalase in post-dormancy bud break in grapevines.L. J Plant Physiol 162(3):301-308PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Perez FJ, Rubio S, Ormeno-Nunez J (2007) Is erratic bud-break in grapevines grown in warm winter areas related to disturbances in mitochondrial respiratory capacity and oxidative metabolism. Funct Plant Biol 34(7):624-632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Perez FJ, Vergara S, Rubio S (2008) H2O2 is involved in the dormancy-breaking effect of hydrogen cyanamide in grapevine buds. Plant Growth Regul 55:149-155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Pien S, Wyrzykowska J, Fleming AJ (2001) Novel marker genes for early leaf development indicate spatial regulation of carbohydrate metabolism within the apical meristem. Plant J 25:663-674PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Prasad TA (1996) Mechanism of chilling-induced oxidative stress injury and tolerance in developing maize seedlings: changes in antioxidant system, oxidation of proteins and lipids, and protease activities. Plant J 10:1017-1026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Price AH, Taylor A, Ripley SJ, Griffiths A, Trewavas AJ, Knight MR. 1994. Oxidative signals in tobacco increase cytosolic calcium. Plant Cell 6:1301-1310PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Raza H, Robin MA, Fang JK, Avadhani NG (2004) Multiple isoforms of mitochondrial gluathione S-transferases and their differential induction under oxidative stress. Biochem J. 366:45-55Google Scholar
  68. Rentel MC, Knight MR (2004) Oxidative stress-induced calcium signalling in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 135:1471-1479PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Reuber TL, Plotnikova JM, Dewdney JM, Rogers EE, Wood W, Ausubel FM (1998) Correlation of defense gene induction defects with powdery mildew susceptibility in Arabidopsis enhanced disease susceptibility mutants. Plant J 16:473-485PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Rey P, Cuine S, Eymery F, Garin J, Court M, Jacquot JP, Rouhier N, Broin M (2005) Analysis of the proteins targeted by CDSP32, a plastidic thioredoxin participating in oxidative stress responses. Plant J 41:31-42PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Ricoult C, Echeverria LO, Cliquet JB, Limami AM (2006) Characterization of alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT) multigene family and hypoxic response in young seedlings of the model legume Medicago truncatula. J Exp Bot 57(12):3079-3089PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Rinne PLH, Kaikuranta PLM, Van der Plas LHW, Van der Schoot C (1999) Dehydrins in coldacclimated apices of birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.): production, localization and potential role in rescuing enzyme function during dehydration. Planta 209:377-388PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Salzman RA, Bressan RA, Hasegawa PM, Ashworth FN, Bordelon BP (1996) Programmed accumulation of LEA-like proteins during desiccation and cold acclimation of overwintering grape buds. Plant Cell Environ 19:713-720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Saure M (1985) Dormancy release in deciduous fruit trees. Hort Rev 7:239-300Google Scholar
  75. Serrato AJ, Cejudo FJ (2003) Type-h thioredoxins accumulate in the nucleus of developing wheat seed tissues suffering oxidative stress. Planta 217:392-399PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Serrato AJ, Perez-Ruiz JM, Spinola MC, Cejudo FJ (2004) A novel NADPH thioredoxin reductase, localized in the chloroplast, which deficiency causes hypersensitivity to abiotic stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. J Biol Chem 279:43821-43827PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Sharma V, Suvarna R, Meganathan R, Hudspeth MES (1992) Menaquinone (Vitamin K2) biosynthesis: nucleotide sequence and expression of the memB gene from Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol 174(15):5057-5062PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Shim I, Momose Y, Yamamoto A, Kim D, Usui K (2003) Inhibition of catalase activity by oxidative stress and its relationships to salicylic acid accumulation in plants. Plant Growth Regul 39:285-292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Shulman Y, Nir G, Fanberstein L, Lavee S (1983) The effect of cyanamide on the release from dormancy of grapevine buds. Scientia Hort 19:97-104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Siedow JN, Umbach AL (2000) The mitochondrial cyanide-resistant oxidase: structural conservation amid regulatory diversity. Biochim Biophys Acta 1459:432–439. doi: 10.1016/S0005-2728(00)00181-xGoogle Scholar
  81. Subbaiah CC, Sachs MM (2003) Molecular and cellular adaptations of maize to flooding stress. Ann Bot 91:119-127PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Sweetlove LJ, Heazlewood JL, Herald V, Holtzapffel R, Day DA, Leaver CJ, Millar AH (2002) The impact of oxidative stress on Arabidopsis mitochondria. Plant J 32:891-904PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Trewavas AJ, Malho R (1997) Signal perception and transduction: the origin of the phenotype. Plant Cell 9:1181-1195PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Wang SY, Faust M (1988) Metabolic activities during dormancy and blooming of deciduous fruit trees. Isr J Bot 37:227-243Google Scholar
  85. Wang SY, Jiao HJ, Faust M (1991a) Changes in ascorbate, glutathione, and related enzyme acPrasad TA (1996) Mechanism of chilling-induced oxidative stress injury and tolerance in developing maize seedlings: changes in antioxidant system, oxidation of proteins and lipids, and protease activities. Plant J 10:1017-1026Google Scholar
  86. Wang SY, Jiao HJ, Faust M (1991b) Changes in metabolic enzyme activities during thidiazuroninduced lateral budbreak of apple. HortScience 82:231-236Google Scholar
  87. Welling A, Moritz T, Palva TE, Junttila O (2002) Independent activation of cold acclimation by low temperature and short photoperiod in hybrid aspen. Plant Physiol 129:1633-1641PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Or
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Fruit Tree Sciences, Institute of HorticultureAgricultural Research Organization, The Volcani CenterISRAEL

Personalised recommendations