Grape Bud Dormancy Release − The Molecular Aspect

Grapevine is a woody temperate-zone perennial. As such, it presents a period of active growth from spring to fall, followed by a rest period in the winter. Soon after bud burst in the spring, a complex bud is formed within the axil of each leaf on the young shoot. In the prophyll of the prompt bud, which may burst within the same growing season and develop into a lateral shoot, three latent buds are formed, known as the primary, secondary and tertiary buds. During the spring and early summer, about 10 leaf primordia develop in each of these buds, while inflorescence primordia develop mainly in the primary bud (Boss et al. 2003 and references therein). In mid-summer, the latent buds enter a phase of paradormancy, in which bud burst is repressed by factors originating in other plant organs, such as auxin from the apical meristem (Lang 1987, Lavee and May 1997).


Dormancy Release Actin Depolymerization Factor Artificial Stimulus Hydrogen Cyanamide Deciduous Fruit Tree 
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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Or
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Fruit Tree Sciences, Institute of HorticultureAgricultural Research Organization, The Volcani CenterISRAEL

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