Comprehensive Assessment of Negative Factors Affecting the Black Sea Shallow Water in the Danube Area

  • Nikolai Berlinsky
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Major factors that have negative influence on the coast ecosystem of the Black Sea are assessed in this paper. Anthropogenic eutrophication caused by additional input of nutrients via the river runoff and (mostly via the Danube runoff) has been the main problem for the ecosystem during the last 30 years. Climate changes in Europe in the 2000s became an additional source of negative impact upon the shelf ecosystem. Both these factors are now changing the hydrophysical conditions of the Northwestern part of the Black Sea. In addition to these factors, we observe now a direct human impact upon the shelf ecosystem by construction of deep shipping routes in the Danube Delta towards the Black Sea. In the paper, variants of these routes in the Ukrainian part of the Delta are assessed as well as the consequences of their construction.


Black Sea Danube Delta anthropogenic influence 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Berlinsky N., Bogatova Yu., Garkavaya G. Estuary of the Danube. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Vol. 5, Part H (Estuaries). 2006. Springer: Berlin/Heidelberg. pp. 233–264.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berlinsky N.A., Tushilkin V.S., Kosarev A.N., Nalbandov Yu. R. Variability of hydro-physical fields and near bottom hypoxia. Northwestern Part of the Black Sea: Biology and Ecology. 2008. Kiev: Naukova Dumka. pp. 32– 52. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Garkavay G.P., Bogatova J.I., Berlinsky N.A. Ekosistema vzmorja ukrainskoy delti Dunaya. Ecosystem of the Danube Mouth Coastal Zone in Ukrainian Part. 1998. Odessa: Astroprint. p. 21. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mikhailov V.N. (Ed.) Hydrology of the Danube Delta. Moscow: GEOS edition. 2004, 449 p. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Panin N. On the Geomorphologic and Geologic Evolution of the River Danube — Black Sea Interaction Zone. 1996. Romania: Geo-Eco Marina. pp. 31–40.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Polonsky A.B. Variability of hydrological parameters in the Northwestern part of the Black sea, caused large-scale processes. Meteorologia i gidrologia. 1997. N 3. pp. 59–70. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sal'sky V.A. About mass mussel mortality in the Northwestern part of the Black Sea. Biologia morja. 1977. Issue 43. pp. 33–37. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zaitsev Yu.P. et al. (1989) Gidrobiologicheski journal. Hydrobiological Journal 25:21–26. (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai Berlinsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Odessa Branch of Institute of Biology of South SeasNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineOdessaUkraine

Personalised recommendations