Advertisement

Non-boreal Forests of Eastern Europe in a Changing World: The Role in the Earth System

  • Anatoly Shvidenko
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

In spite of the fact that forests of non-boreal Eastern Europe occupy relatively small areas and are extremely non-uniformly distributed across the region, they serve as a major stabilizing element of natural landscapes by regulating and protecting hydrological regimes of the territory, preventing soil erosion, maintaining major biogeochemical cycles of terrestrial ecosystems, and fulfilling many other resources like social, ecological and environmental services. Expected climate changes will very likely negatively impact the condition, functioning and resilience of the forests, particularly in the long run. The region requires a special program of adaptation of natural landscapes to, and mitigation of, the negative consequences of climate change. Such a program should include system activities directed to improving the ecological state of the region's territories and optimizing the structure of agroforestry landscapes, including development of complete systems of protective forests (shelter belts, afforestation of sands and ravine areas, etc.).

Keywords

forests climate change non-boreal Eastern Europe 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Gruza GV, Ran'kova EJ (2001) Climate change in European Russia during the second half of 20th century. In: Kokorin AO (ed) Climate change impact on ecosystems. WWF Russia, Moscow [in Russian]Google Scholar
  2. Hijmans RJ, Cameron SE, Parra JL, Jones PJ, Jarvis A (2005) Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. Int J Climatol 25:1965–1978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ipatyev VA (1999) Forest, Human and Chernobil. National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Gomel [in Russian]Google Scholar
  4. Jones PD, Moberg A (2003) Hemispheric and large scale surface air temperature variation: an extensive revision and an update to 2001. J Climate 16:206–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kljuev NN (ed) (2001) Russia and its regions. Nauka, Moscow [in Russian]Google Scholar
  6. Kurnaev SF (1973) Forest growth regionalization of the USSR. Nauka, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  7. Lakida P, Nilsson S, Shvidenko A (1995) Estimation of forest phytomass for selected countries of the former USSR. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  8. Lakida PI (2003) Phytomass of Ukrainian forests. Sbruch, Ternopil [in Ukrainian]Google Scholar
  9. Medvedev VV, Laktionova TM (1998) Land resources of the Ukraine. Agrarna Dumka, Kiev [in Ukrainian]Google Scholar
  10. MEPRS (1992–1997) National report on environment in Ukraine in 1991 (1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996). Ministry on Environment Protection and Radiation Safety, Kiyiv [in Ukrainian]Google Scholar
  11. Pasternak PS, Prikhdko NN, Landin VP (1987) Protective afforestation and optimization of agricultural landscapes. Forestry and Agroforestmelioration 74:3–8 [in Russian]Google Scholar
  12. Pilipenko AI, Yukhnovsky VYu (1998) Grounds of parameters of optimal field protective forest cover. Science Herald of National Agriculture University of Ukraine, Kiyiv, Vol. 10, pp. 236–248 [in Ukrainian]Google Scholar
  13. Ruosteenoja K, Carter TR, Jylhä K, Tuomenvirta H (2003) Future climate in world regions: an intercomparison of model-based projections for the new IPCC emissions scenarios. Finnish Environment Institute, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  14. Shvidenko A (2006) Russia. In: Geist H (ed) Our earth–s changing land. An encyclopedia of land-use and land-cover change, Vol. 2. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT/LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Shvidenko A, Lakyda P, McCallum I, Nilsson S, Schepaschenko D, Vasylyshin R (2008a) Carbon climate and managed land in Ukraine: integrated data and models of land use for NEESPI (final report). International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  16. Shvidenko AZ, Schepaschenko DG, Vaganov EA, Nilsson S (2008b) Net primary production of forest ecosystems of Russia: a new estimate. Dokl Earth Sci 421A(6):1009–1012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Yukhnovsky VYu (2003) Forest-agrarian landscapes of Ukraine. National Agricultural University of Ukraine, KievGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anatoly Shvidenko
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  2. 2.V.N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarskRussia

Personalised recommendations