Eet- en gewichtsproblemen bij jongeren

  • Han C.G. Kemper


Zowel te veel als te weinig eten kan leiden tot gezondheidsproblemen en voor een individueel kind de kans vergroten op een gewichtsprobleem (Hills et al. 2008).


  1. Armstrong N, Welsman J. Young people and physical activity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0 19 262660 4.Google Scholar
  2. Barker DJP. Mothers, babies and health in later life. Toronto: Churchill Livingstone, 1998.Google Scholar
  3. Bauman A, Bellew B. Environmental and policy approaches to promoting physical activity. In: Health in the Commonwealth-sharing solutions 1999/2000. London: Commonwealth Secretariat, 1999: 38-41.Google Scholar
  4. Berg SW van den, Scholtens S, Wijga AH, Verschuren WMM, Boer JMA. Overgewicht bij jonge kinderen en volwassenen: kwantificeren van de kloof tussen energieinneming en energieverbruik. Bilthoven: RIVM, 2006. Rapport 350020002/2006.Google Scholar
  5. Blair SN. Can obese individuals be fit and healthy? Int J Obesity 2001;26(suppl. 1):S117-S135.Google Scholar
  6. Borer KT. Nonhomeostatic control of human appetite and physical activity in regulation of energy balance. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2010;38(3):114-21.Google Scholar
  7. Bouchard C, Katzmarzik PT. Physical activity and obesity. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics, 2010. ISBN 073676352.Google Scholar
  8. Bouchard C. The biological predisposition to obesity: Beyond the thrifty gene scenario (commentary). Int J of Obesity 2007;31:1337-9.Google Scholar
  9. Bray GA, Bouchard C. Handbook of obesity, etiology and pathophysiology. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2004. ISBN 0824709691.Google Scholar
  10. Clou J. Why exercise wo’nt make you thin? Time Magazine 2009, nr. 9. http//,8599,1914857,00.html. Accessed May 21, 2010.
  11. Cordain L, Gotsall RW, Elton SB. Physical activity, energy expenditure and fitness: an evolutionary perspective. Int J Sports Med 1998;19:328-35.Google Scholar
  12. Destefano RA, Caprio S, Fahey JT, Tamborlane WV, Goldberg B. Changes in body composition after a 12-week aerobic exercise program in obese boys. Pediatr Diabetes 2000;1:61-5.Google Scholar
  13. Durnin JVGA, Rahaman MM. The assessment of the amount of fatin the human body from measurements oif skinfold thicknesss. Br J Nutr 1967;21:681-9.Google Scholar
  14. Ekelund U, Aman J, Yngve A, Renman C, Westerterp K., Sjöström M. Physical activity but not energy expenditure is reduced in obese adolescents: a case-control study. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76:935-41.Google Scholar
  15. Epstein L. Family-based behavioural intervention for obese children. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1996;20(suppl.): S14-21.Google Scholar
  16. Fredriks AM. De Quetelet-index bij jongeren in 1997 vergeleken met1980; nieuwe groeidiagrammen voor de signalering van ondergewicht, overgewicht en obesitas. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2001;145:1296-1303.Google Scholar
  17. Gezondheidsraad. Nieuwe richtlijnen voor gezonde voeding. Den Haag: Gezondheidsraad, 2006.Google Scholar
  18. Gezondheidsraad. Overgewicht en obesitas. Den Haag: Gezondheidsraad, 2003. Publicatie nr. 2003/7.Google Scholar
  19. Grantham-McGregor S, Bake-Henningham H. Review of evidence linking protein and energy to mental development. Publ Health Nutr 2004;8(17B):1-12.Google Scholar
  20. Heymsfield SB, Baumgartner RN, Allison DB, Ross R. Evaluation of total and regional adiposity. In: Bray GA, Bouchard C (eds). Handbook of obesity, etiology and pathophysiology second edition. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2004: 33-81.Google Scholar
  21. Hill JO, Wyatt HR, Reed GW, Peters JC. Obesity and the environment: Where do we go from here? Science 2003; 299:853-5.Google Scholar
  22. Hill JO, Wyatt HR. Role of physical activity in preventing and treating obesity. J Appl Physiol 2005;99:765-70.Google Scholar
  23. Hills AV, Byrne NM, Wood RE. Exercise, physical activity, and eating and weight disorders. In: Armstrong N, Mechelen W van (eds). Paediatric exercise science and medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008: 453-465.Google Scholar
  24. Hirasing RA, Frederiks AM, Buuren S van, Verloove- Vanhorick SP, Wit JM. Toegenomen prevalentie van overgewicht en obesitas bij Nederlandse kinderen en signalering daarvan aan de hand van internationale normen en nieuwe referentiediagrammen. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2001;145:1303-8.Google Scholar
  25. Jebb S, Prentice A. Is obesity an eating disorder? Proc Nutr Soc 1995;54:721-8.Google Scholar
  26. Kemper HCG (ed.). Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study, a 23-year follow-up from teenager to adult about lifestyle and health. In: Borms J, Hebbelinck M, Hills AP (eds). Medicine and sport science, vol. 47. Basel: Karger, 2004a.Google Scholar
  27. Kemper HCG, Ooijendijk WTM, Stiggelbout M. Consensus over de Nederlandse Norm voor Gezond Bewegen. T Soc Gezondheidszorg 2000;78:180-3.Google Scholar
  28. Kemper HCG. Mijn beweegrede(n). Maarssen: Elsevier Gezondheidszorg, 2004b. ISBN 90 352 2683 6.Google Scholar
  29. Kemper HCG. Voeding en inspanning, een kwestie van energiebalans. In: Asseldonk GAEG van, Duinen JJ van, Nuland R van, Former-Boon M (red.). Informatorium voor voeding en diëtetiek. Houten: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum, 2002; IVa:1-19.Google Scholar
  30. Kieviet CJ. Uit het leven van Dik Trom. Alkmaar: Kluitman, 1891.Google Scholar
  31. Klesges RC, Shelton MI, Klesges LM. Effects of television on metabolic rate: potential implications for childhood obesity. Pediatrics 1993;91(2):281-6.Google Scholar
  32. Köhler W, De Bats C. Slow, slank en fit. Amsterdam: Thoeris, 2005.Google Scholar
  33. Koopmans J. The genetics of health-related behaviours, a study of adolescent twins and their parents. [Thesis.] Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit, 1997.Google Scholar
  34. Kremers SPJ, Visscher TLS, Brug J, Chin A Paw MJM, Schouten EG Schuit AJ, Seidell JC, Baak MA van, Mechelen W van, Kemper HCG, Kok FJ, Saris WHM, Kromhout D. Netherlands research programmme weight gain prevention (NHF-NRG): rationale, objectives and strategies. Eur J Clin Nutr 2005;59:1-10.Google Scholar
  35. Mayer J, Roy P, Mitra KP. Relation between caloric intake, body weight, and physical work: studies in an industrial population in West Bengal. Am J Clin Nutr 1956;4:169-75.Google Scholar
  36. Moore LL, Lombardi DA, White MJ, Campbell JL, Oliveira SA, Curtis Ellison R. (1991) Influence of parent’s activity levels of young children. J Pediatrics 1991;88:215-9.Google Scholar
  37. Nooyens ACJ, Koppes LLJ, Visscher LS, Twisk JWR, Kemper HCG, Schuit AJ, Mechelen W van, Seidell JC. Adolescent skinfold sickness is a better predictor of high body fatness in adults than is body mass index. The Amsterdam Growth and Health longitudinal Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:1533-9.Google Scholar
  38. Parizkova J, Hainer V, Stich V, Kunesova M, Ksantini M. Physiological capabilities of obese individuals and implications for exercise. In: Hills AP, Walqvist ML (eds). Exercise and obesity. London: Smith-Gordon, 1994:131-140.Google Scholar
  39. Putte EM van de. Exploring chronic fatigue syndrome in adolescents. [Thesis.] Utrecht: Universitary Medical Center, 2006. ISBN 90-393-4301-2.Google Scholar
  40. Renders CM, Seidell JC, Mechelen W van, Hirasing RA. Overgewicht bij kinderen en adolescenten. Maarssen: Elsevier Gezondheidszorg, 2003.Google Scholar
  41. Richards M, Hardy R, Kuh D, Wadsworth DE. Birth weight and cognitive function; the British 1946 birth cohort: Longitudinal population based study. BMJ 2001;322:199-203.Google Scholar
  42. Schutten JP. De wraak van het spruitje 2009 Kinderboekenweekgeschenk ISBN 9789059650930.Google Scholar
  43. Slentz CA, Aiken LB, Houmard JA, Bales CW, Johnson JL, Tanner CJ, Duscha BD, Kraus WE. Effect of the amount of exercise on body weight, body composition, and measures of central obesity. STRIDE: a randomised, controlled study. Arch Intern Med 2004;164:31-9.Google Scholar
  44. Spiegel AM, Alving BM. Executive summary of the strategic plan for National Institutes of Health Obesity Research. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82:2115-45.Google Scholar
  45. Swinburn B. Influencing obesogenic environments to reduce obesity prevalence. In: Medeiros-Neto G, Halpern A, Bouchard C (eds). Progress in obesity research. Vol. 9. Montrouge: JohnLibbey Eurotext Ltd, 2003: 54-58.Google Scholar
  46. Veen W. Homo Zappiens – opgroeien, leven en werken in een digitaal tijdperk. Amsterdam: Pearson Education Benelux, 2009. ISBN 978 90 430 1709 1.Google Scholar
  47. Visscher TL, Kromhout D, Seidell JC. Long-term and recent time trends in the prevalence of obesity among Dutch men and women. Int J Obes 2002;26:1218-24.Google Scholar
  48. Vries S de. Activity-friendly neighbourhoods for children, measurement of physical activity and environmental correlates. [Thesis.] Amsterdam: VU University Medical Center, 2009. ISBN 978-90-8659-392-7.Google Scholar
  49. Wadden TA, Butryn ML, Byrne KJ. Efficacy of lifestyle modification for long-term weight control. Obes Res 2004;12(suppl. 3):151S-162S.Google Scholar
  50. Warren MP, Perlroth NE. The effects of intensive exercise on the female reproductive system. J. Endocrinol 2001;170:3-11.Google Scholar
  51. Westerterp KR, Speakman JB. Physical activity energy expenditure has not declined since the 1980’s and matches energy expenditure of wild mammals. Int J Obes 2008;32:1256-63.Google Scholar
  52. Westerterp KR. Obesity andphysical activity. Int J Obesity 1999;23(suppl. 1):59-64.Google Scholar
  53. Westerterp KR. Pattern and intensity of physical activity, keeping moderately active is the best way to boost total daily energy expenditure. Nature 2001;410:539.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum, onderdeel van Springer Media B.V. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Han C.G. Kemper
    • 1
  1. 1.HilversumThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations