Advertisement

The Kidney

Chapter
  • 760 Downloads

Abstract

The applications of the use of second generation CM in the field of renal pathology includes the following types of diseases: ischemic, traumatic, inflammatory and expansive (the latter includes both cystic and solid masses). Another use is in cases of kidney transplants, in which software is now available to give a quantitative analysis that can define levels of parenchymal perfusion and determine the Intensity/Time curves.

Keywords

Chronic Rejection Early Arterial Phase Late Arterial Phase Parenchymal Phase Chromophobe Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Siracusano S, Bertolotto M, Ciciliato S et al (2011) The current role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging in the evaluation of renal pathology. World J Urol 29:633–638PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bertolotto M, Martegani A, Aiani L et al (2008) Value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography for detecting renal infarcts proven by contrast enhanced CT-a feasibility study. Eur Radiol 18:376–383PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nicolau C, Ripollés T (2011) Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in abdominal imaging. Abdom Imaging 37:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Setola SV, Catalano O, Sandomenico F, Siani A (2007) Contrastenhanced sonography of the kidney. Abdom Imaging 32:21–28PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Piscaglia F, Nolsøe C, Dietrich CF et al (2012) The EFSUMB guidelines and recommendations on the clinical practice of Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS): update 2011 on non-hepatic applications. Ultraschall Med 33:33–59PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Valentino M, Serra C, Zironi G et al (2006) Blunt abdominal trauma:emergency contrast-enhanced sonography for detection of solid organ injuries. Am J Roentgenol 186:1361–1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Regine G, Atzori M, Miele V et al (2007) Second-generation sonographic contrast agents in the evaluation of renal trauma. Radiol Med 112:581–587PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Valentino M, Ansaloni L, Catena F et al (2009) Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in blunt abdominal trauma: considerations after 5 years of experience. Radiol Med 114:1080–1193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Claudon M, Cosgrove D, Albrecht T et al (2008) Guidelines and good clinical practice recommendations for contrast enhanced ultrasound(CEUS), update 2008. Ultraschall Med 29:28–44PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sebastia C, Quiroga S, Boyè R et al (2001) Helical CT in renal transplantation: normal findings and early and late complications. Radiographics 21:1103–1117PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Allan PL, Dubbins PA, Pozniak MA et al (2006) Doppler ultrasoundevaluation of transplantation. In: Allan PL, Dubbins PA, PozniakMA et al (eds) Clinical doppler ultrasound, 2nd edn. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Brown ED, Chen MY, Wolfman NT et al (2000) Complications of renal transplantation: evaluation with US and radionuclide imaging. Radiographics 20:607–622PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Akbar SA, Jafri SZ, Amendola MA et al (2005) Complications of renal transplantation. Radiographics 25:1335–1356PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wilson SR, Burns PN (2010) Microbubble-enhanced US in body imaging: what role? Radiology 257:24–39PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Quaia E (2007) Microbubble ultrasound contrast agents: an update. Eur Radiol 17:1995–2008Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schwenger V, Korosoglou G, Hinkel UP et al (2006) Real-time contrast-enhanced sonography of renal transplant recipients predicts chronic allograft nephropathy. Am J Transplant 6:609–615PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fontanilla T, Minaya J, Cortes C et al (2012) Acute complicated pyelonephritis: contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Abdom Imaging 37(4):639–646Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mitterberger M, Pinggera GM, Colleselli D et al (2008) Acute pyelonephritis: comparison of diagnosis with computed tomography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. BJU Int 101:341–344PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Prakash A, Tan GJ, Wansaicheong GK (2011) Contrast enhanced ultrasound of kidneys. pictorial essay. Med Ultrason 13:150–156PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gerst S, Hamm LE, Li D et al (2011) Evaluation of renal masses with contrast-enhanced ultrasound: initial experience. Am J Roentgenol 197:897–906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ignee A, Straub B, Schuessler G et al (2010) Contrast enhanced ultrasound of renal masses. World J Radiol 2:15–31PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Quaia E, Bussani R, Cova M et al (2005) Radiologic-pathologic correlationsof intratumoral tissue components in the most common solid and cystic renal tumors. pictorial review. Eur Radiol 15:1734–1744PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Xu HX (2009) Contrast-enhanced ultrasound: the evolving applications. World J Radiol 1:15–24PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Siracusano S, Quaia E, Bertolotto M et al (2004) The application of ultrasound contrast agents in the characterization of renal tumors. World J Urol 22:316–322PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Jiang J, Chen Y, Zhou Y, Zhang H (2010) Clear cell renal cell carcinoma:contrast-enhanced ultrasound features relation to tumor size. Eur J Radiol 73:162–167PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wink MH, de la Rosette JJ, Laguna P et al (2007) Ultrasonographyof renal masses using contrast pulse sequence imaging: a pilot study. J Endourol 21:466–472PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Xu ZF, Xu HX, Xie XY et al (2010) Renal cell carcinoma and renal angiomyolipoma: differential diagnosis with real time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med 29:709–717PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Fan L, Lianfang D, Jinfang X et al (2008) Diagnostic efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in solid renal parenchymal lesions with maximum diameters of 5 cm. J Ultrasound Med 27:875–885PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Roy C, Gengler L, Sauer B, Lang H (2008) Role of contrast enhanced US in the evaluation of renal tumors. J Radiol 89:1735–1744PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tamai H, Takiguchi Y, Oka M et al (2005) Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the diagnosis of solid renal tumors. J Ultrasound Med 24:1635–1640PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Xu ZF, Xu HX, Xie XY et al (2010) Renal cell carcinoma: real timecontrast enhanced ultrasound findings. Abdom Imaging 35:750–756PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ascenti G, Mazziotti S, Zimbaro G et al (2007) Complex cystic renal masses:characterization with contrast-enhanced. Radiology 243:158–165PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Nicolau C, Bunesch L, Sebastia C (2011) Renal complex cysts in adults: contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Abdom Imaging 36:742–752PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Park BK, Kim B, Kim SH et al (2007) Assessment of cystic renal masses based on Bosniak classification: comparison of CT and contrast-enhanced US. Eur J Radiol 61:310–314PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Israel GM, Bosniak MA (2005) How i do it: evaluating renal masses. Radiology 236:441–450PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Quaia E, Bertolotto M, Cioffi V et al (2008) Comparison of contrast-enhanced sonography with unenhanced sonography and contrast-enhanced CT in the diagnosis of malignancy in complex cystic renal masses. Am J Roentgenol 191:1239–1249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Clevert DA, Minaifar N, Weckbach S et al (2008) Multislice computed tomography versus contrast-enhanced ultrasound in evaluation of complex cystic renal masses using the Bosniak classification system. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 39:171–178PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Bhatt S, MacLennan G, Dogra V (2007) Renal pseudotumors. Am J Roentgenol 188:1380–1387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Regine G, Atzori M, Danza FM (2010) Malformazioni del rene edelle vie urinary. In: Blandino A, Danza FM, Menchi I et al (eds) Imaging dell’apparato urogenitale. Springer, Milano, pp 13–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Mazziotti S, Zimbaro F, Pandolfo A et al (2010) Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the diagnosis of renal pseudotumors. Abdom Imaging 35:241–245PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ospedale S.Camillo-ForlaniniRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations