Fetuses: Facial Motions or Facial Expressions?

  • Alessandra Piontelli
  • Florinda Ceriani
  • Isabella Fabietti
  • Roberto Fogliani
  • Elisa Restelli
  • Alessandra Kustermann


Main points: brief historical survey, fetal motions not expressions, emergence of different facial motions within states, preparatory function of, facial motions paving the way for face attraction and facial mimicry, or simple imitation at birth


Facial Expression Facial Motion Intrauterine Environment Tongue Protrusion Facial Display 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandra Piontelli
    • 1
  • Florinda Ceriani
    • 1
  • Isabella Fabietti
    • 1
  • Roberto Fogliani
    • 1
  • Elisa Restelli
    • 1
  • Alessandra Kustermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Maternal/Fetal Medicine Clinica MangiagalliFondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico University of MilanMilanItaly

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