Fetal Breathing Movements and Shallow Fetal Breathing Movements

  • Alessandra Piontelli
  • Florinda Ceriani
  • Isabella Fabietti
  • Roberto Fogliani
  • Elisa Restelli
  • Alessandra Kustermann


Main points: role in lung development, apneic intervals and noncontinuous nature, increasing compatibility or less with other motions, consequences of their fetal features on the premature and neonate, and shallow fetal breathing as indicator of state


Amniotic Fluid Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Fetal Lung Lung Development Breathing Movement 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandra Piontelli
    • 1
  • Florinda Ceriani
    • 1
  • Isabella Fabietti
    • 1
  • Roberto Fogliani
    • 1
  • Elisa Restelli
    • 1
  • Alessandra Kustermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Maternal/Fetal Medicine Clinica MangiagalliFondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico University of MilanMilanItaly

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