• Carlo Nicola De Cecco
  • Marco Rengo
Part of the A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting book series (AZRPR)

Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

  • ICD: device is able to recognize ventricular arrhythmias and deliver a shock to normalize cardiac pace.

  • Patient at risk of sudden death.

  • Absolute contraindication to MR.

Inferior Vena Cava Filter

  • Indications: (1) anticoagulation contraindicated; (2) anticoagulation failure; (3) prophylaxis in high-risk patients.

Inflammatory Aortic Aneurysm

  • Characterized by the presence of perianeurysmal fibrosis and a thickened aortic wall.

  • Represent 5–10 % of all abdominal aortic aneurysms; ascending aorta and aortic arch involvement is much less common, and when present there is a concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm.

  • Retroperitoneal extension of the inflammatory process is seen in one-third of affected patients, and it is responsible of secondary ureteral involvement with resultant hydronephrosis, aortic–sigmoid colon fistula with bleeding, and secondary bacterial infection.

  • CT: (1) hypoattenuating mass with periaortic wall thickening that spares the...


Aortic Dissection Iron Overload Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Constrictive Pericarditis Pulmonary Regurgitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. American College of Radiology (2012) ACR Manual on Contrast Media. Version 8. ISBN: 978-1-55903-009-0Google Scholar
  2. Chu WC et al (2012) MRI of cardiac iron overload. J Magn Reson Imaging 36:1052–1059CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Hiratzka FL et al (2010) 2010 ACCF/AHA/AATS/ACR/ASA/SCA/SCAI/SIR/STS/SVM guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patients with thoracic aortic disease. Circulation 121:e266–e369CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Holloway BJ et al (2011) Imaging of thoracic aortic disease. Br J Radiol 84:S338–S354PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Mendez C et al (2011) Magnetic resonance imaging of abnormal ventricular septal motion in heart diseases: a pictorial review. Insights Imaging 2:483–492PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Stillman AE et al (2011) Assessment of acute myocardial infarction: current status and recommendations from the North American society for cardiovascular imaging and the European society of cardiac radiology. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 27:7–24PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Nicola De Cecco
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marco Rengo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and PathologySapienza University of Rome-Polo PontinoLatinaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Radiological SciencesMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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