• Carlo Nicola De Cecco
  • Marco Rengo
Part of the A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting book series (AZRPR)

Valvular Cardiomyopathy

  • Patients with long-standing valvular disease develop a cardiomyopathy which usually improves after disease correction.

Valvular Tumors

  • Very rare tumors.

  • Papillary fibroelastoma is the most common primary valvular tumor and frequently occurs on aortic valve cusps.

  • Myxoma and Hamartoma are less common.

  • Depending on their locations, valvular tumors can develop fibrin clots, which can subsequently embolize into the systemic or pulmonary circulation.

  • CT/MR: can detect small tumors and assess their motion during the cardiac cycle.

Valvular Vegetations

  • Caused by endocarditis.

  • Factors predisposing to endocarditis include intravenous drug use, poor dental hygiene, long-term hemodialysis, diabetes mellitus, mitral valve prolapse syndrome, and prosthetic valves.

  • The vegetations follow the motion of the valvular cusp to which they are attached.

  • Frequently the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve is involved.

  • See also Endocarditis.

Vascular Remodeling

  • Positive or negative.

  • T...


Aortic Valve Mitral Valve Ventricular Septal Defect Mitral Valve Prolapse Tracheal Stenosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Dillman JR et al (2011) Common and uncommon vascular rings and slings: a multi-modality review. Pediatr Radiol 41:1440–1454CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Hudsmith LE et al (2005) Normal human left and right ventricular and left atrial dimensions using steady state free precession magnetic resonance imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 7:775–782CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kiefer TL et al (2012) Infective endocarditis: a comprehensive overview. Rev Cardiovasc Med 13:e105–e120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Warnes CA et al (2008) ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease. Circulation 118:e714–e833CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Nicola De Cecco
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marco Rengo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and PathologySapienza University of Rome-Polo PontinoLatinaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Radiological SciencesMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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