• Carlo Nicola De Cecco
  • Marco Rengo
Part of the A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting book series (AZRPR)

Balloon Atrial Septostomy

  • Performed in newborns with transposition of the great arteries.

Balloon Valvuloplasty

  • Contraindications: (1) thrombus in left atrial appendage; (2) moderate mitral regurgitation; (3) severe aortic or tricuspid valve disease.

Barlow’s Syndrome

  • Familial form of mitral valve prolapse.

Bentall Operation

  • Ascending aorta and aortic valve replacement with a valved conduit and reimplantation of the coronary arteries used to treat combined aortic valve and ascending aorta disease.

Bernoulli Formula

  • Gradient (mmHg) = 4 V2.

  • Simplified Bernoulli formula to calculate the pressure gradient from peak velocity. V: peak velocity (m/s).


  • Beta receptor antagonist.

  • Helpful in HR reduction.

  • Optimal administration should start 2–3 days before examination.

  • They are also effective if administered the same day (maximum HR reduction around 10 bpm).

  • Contraindications: asthma, second- or third-degree hearth block, bradycardia.

Biological Risk

  • The effect of ionizing radiation...


Mitral Valve Prolapse Distal Anastomosis Brugada Syndrome Right Bundle Branch Block Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. John RM et al (2012) Ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Lancet 380:1520–1529CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Jones CM, Chin KY, Yang GZ, Hamady M, Darzi A et al (2008) Coronary artery bypass graft imaging with 64-slice multislice computed tomography: literature review. Semin Ultrasound CT MR 29:204–213CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Mizusawa Y et al (2012) Brugada syndrome. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 5:606–616CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Taylor AJ, Cerqueira M, Hodgson JM, Mark D, Min J et al (2010) ACCF/SCCT/ACR/AHA/ASE/ASNC/NASCI/SCAI/SCMR 2010 appropriate use criteria for cardiac computed tomography. J Am Coll Cardiol 56:1864–1894CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Warnes CA et al (2008) ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease. Circulation 118:e714–e833CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Nicola De Cecco
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marco Rengo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and PathologySapienza University of Rome-Polo PontinoLatinaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Radiological SciencesMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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