Systemic disease of unknown origin characterized by non-caseating granuloma.
Clinical involvement of heart by sarcoidosis is 5 %, but autoptic studies detect sarcoidosis in 20–50 % of patients.
MR: (1) Reduced LV function (global or regional); (2) patchy myocardial edema; (3) various patterns of late enhancement, early-stage epicardial/mid-wall involvement, late stage transmural; (4) RV can be involved.
Differential diagnosis: cardiomyopathies, myocarditis, myocardial infarction.
MR: To reduce respiratory, pulsatility and flow artifacts put the saturation bands along phase encoding direction in LE, EG, and stress imaging.
Abnormal connection of the right pulmonary vein to the IVC.
Anomalous systemic arterial supply to the right lower lung.
Right lung hypoplasia and sequestration.
Associated lesions: VSD, ASD, PDA, coarctation.
See also Pulmonary Venous Drainage Anomalies.
Atrial switch operation in patient with...