• Carlo Nicola De Cecco
  • Marco Rengo
Part of the A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting book series (AZRPR)

Sarcoidosis, Cardiac

  • Systemic disease of unknown origin characterized by non-caseating granuloma.

  • Clinical involvement of heart by sarcoidosis is 5 %, but autoptic studies detect sarcoidosis in 20–50 % of patients.

  • MR: (1) Reduced LV function (global or regional); (2) patchy myocardial edema; (3) various patterns of late enhancement, early-stage epicardial/mid-wall involvement, late stage transmural; (4) RV can be involved.

  • Differential diagnosis: cardiomyopathies, myocarditis, myocardial infarction.

Saturation Band

  • MR: To reduce respiratory, pulsatility and flow artifacts put the saturation bands along phase encoding direction in LE, EG, and stress imaging.

Scimitar Syndrome

  • Abnormal connection of the right pulmonary vein to the IVC.

  • Anomalous systemic arterial supply to the right lower lung.

  • Right lung hypoplasia and sequestration.

  • Associated lesions: VSD, ASD, PDA, coarctation.

  • See also Pulmonary Venous Drainage Anomalies.

Senning Operation

  • Atrial switch operation in patient with...


Marfan Syndrome Coronary Artery Anomaly Scimitar Syndrome Glenn Shunt Systemic Arterial Supply 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Lectures

  1. Kilner PJ (2011) Imaging congenital heart disease in adults. Br J Radiol 84:S258–S268PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Koester MC (2001) A review of sudden cardiac death in young athletes and strategies for preparticipation cardiovascular screening. J Athl Train 36:197–204PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Mahnken AH (2012) CT imaging of coronary stents: past, present, and future. ISRN Cardiol 2012:139823PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Mantini N et al (2012) Cardiac sarcoid: a clinician’s review on how to approach the patient with cardiac sarcoid. Clin Cardiol 35:410–415CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Maron BJ et al (2003) Sudden death in young athletes. N Engl J Med 349:1064–1075CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Penugonda N (2010) Cardiac MRI, in infiltrative disorders: a concise review. Curr Cardiol Rev 6:134–136PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Nicola De Cecco
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marco Rengo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and PathologySapienza University of Rome-Polo PontinoLatinaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Radiological SciencesMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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